MORRIS, MARY WHITE - Zgodovina

MORRIS, MARY WHITE - Zgodovina


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Morris, Mary White (r. Okoli 1748): Mary White se je poročila z Robertom Morrisom, podpisnikom Deklaracije o neodvisnosti ,. leta 1769. Opisali so jo kot "elegantno, dovršeno in bogato ter dobro usposobljeno, da bo srečnost zakonskega življenja izpeljala do najvišje popolnosti." Gouverneur Morris je zapuščal njene interese v nizozemski zemljiški družbi. Od njih je dobila življenjsko rento 2000 dolarjev, preden se je strinjala s podpisom pomembnih dokumentov, za katere je bil njen podpis ključen. Po nizu neuspešnih naložb je njen mož zaradi velike vsote denarja bankrotiral, leta 1798 pa so ga zaradi dolga dali v zapor. Medtem ko je bil v zaporu, je gospa Morris prejela pismo predsednika in gospe Washington, v katerem jo je povabila, naj ostati pri njih v Mount Vernon, vendar je ponudbo zavrnila. Leta 1801 je bil njen mož izpuščen po zakonu o nacionalnem stečaju. Zahvaljujoč njeni predvidevanju in finančni podobi je družina kljub osebnim finančnim napakam gospoda Morrisa lahko zagotovila dom.


Zgodovina družine Morris v Ameriki

V ameriški zgodovini je bilo veliko ljudi z družinskim imenom Morris, vendar sem prepričan, da je bil moj prednik John Morris z iskanjem mojih družinskih korenin prva oseba v Ameriki z družinskim imenom Morris in njegov sin Charles je bil prvi Morris, rojen v Ameriki.

Morda boste našli bolj znanega Morrisa (običajno s koreninami v drugih delih Amerike), vendar ne verjamem, da boste našli takega, ki je bil tukaj pred mojim pra-pra-pra-pra. . . dedek John Morris. Jaz sem neposredni potomec (tako kot moji brat in sestre, bratranci, sinovi in ​​hči ter vnuki) tega novega prihoda v Ameriko leta 1619.

400 let zgodovine Morrisa v Ameriki

Čez približno štiri leta bomo praznovali prihod te družine na to celino, takrat znano kot Novi svet. Ta projekt sem začel pred več kot 10 leti in ga za nekaj časa odložil, zdaj pa sem se odločil, da ga dokončam. Te podatke želim pustiti svojim otrokom (in drugim sorodnikom), da spoznajo svoje korenine kot član družine Morris.

Pri iskanju družinskih korenin sem se lahko v Angliji vrnil v 15. stoletje. Najzgodnejši potomec, ki sem ga našel, je bil Edward Morris (rojen 1455), očetu pa je bilo ime Anthony (vendar zanj ni bilo najdenega DOB).

Naslednji na vrsti je bil Thomas Morris, ki ga v nekaterih iskanjih prikazuje kot stotnika Thomasa Morrisa, rojen 1481. Ni znano, ali je bil vojaški kapitan ali (bolj verjetno) kapitan ladje, ki je bil pomorščak.

Naslednji na vrsti za mojo družino je bil Anthony I. Morris, rojen 1530. Njegov sin, Charles Morris, se je rodil leta 1555 in je bil morda prvi Morris v moji liniji, rojen v Walesu. Charlesov sin Edward (rojen 1580) se je prav tako rodil v Walesu in je bil oče mojega prej omenjenega prednika Johna Morrisa.

Prvi Morris v Ameriki je bil John

John Morris se je rodil leta 1600 v Walesu. Njegov oče Edward je bil ob rojstvu Johna star komaj 20 let in čeprav ni znano o njegovi družini ali vzgoji, je mogoče domnevati, da se je rodil v revni družini. Da bi bolje razumeli, zakaj sem tako predpostavil, naj pojasnim čase.

Leta 1603 (3 leta po Janezovem rojstvu) je Škotski James VI postal angleški kralj James I. Tri leta pozneje, 20. decembra 1606, je majhna flota ladij (z blagoslovom kralja Jakoba) odpotovala iz Anglije proti Novemu svetu. To bi postalo prvo stalno angleško naselje v Ameriki.

Dvajset let prej (leta 1586) je ekspedicija 110 moških, žensk in otrok pod vodstvom Johna Whitea poskušala ustanoviti kolonijo na otoku Roanoke. Ta majhna kolonija se je soočila s številnimi stiskami in do leta 1590 je celotna skupina izginila. Več o tem neuspelem naselju, včasih imenovanem izgubljena kolonija, lahko preberete s preprostim iskanjem.

Leta 1611 je bila prvič natisnjena pooblaščena različica Svetega pisma ali kralj James. Malo je verjetno, da je John v teh zgodnjih letih v Walesu kdaj videl ali imel kopijo Svetega pisma. John in njegova družina niso bili bogati, kopije pa so bile drage. Druge različice, kot sta Coverdaleova Biblija (1535) in Velika Biblija (1539), so bile pogostejše, vendar jih revni še vedno niso dosegli.

Amerika se je začela v Jamestownu

13. maja 1607 so se možje odprave Virginia Company odločili, da se naselijo “ kjer naše ladje ležijo tako blizu obale, da so privezane na drevesih v šestih vodah ” na otoku Jamestown. Ležal je ob reki James, 60 milj od ustja zaliva Chesapeake v današnji Virginiji. Za vzpostavitev kolonije in zaščito pred indijskimi napadi je bila zgrajena tristranska stran, pa tudi druge strukture.

Dve oskrbovalni ladji sta prispeli leta 1608, ena januarja, druga pa jeseni leta. Vsak je prinesel več naseljencev, pa tudi prepotrebne zaloge. Bolezni in napadi sosednjih Indijancev so prizadeli koloniste, tako da je do zime leta 1609 od skoraj 500 naseljencev (iz prvotne skupine in drugih ladij) preživelo le 60.

S prihodom novega guvernerja leta 1610 (in več zalog) je bila kolonija spet na nogah. Od takrat je kolonija Virginia še naprej rasla in se širila. Do leta 1614 so prvi pridelek tobaka iz Virginije izvozili v Anglijo in ga prodali.

Istega leta se je tobačni podjetnik John Rolfe poročil s Pocahontasom in sledilo je več let blaginje in miru z Indijanci. Dve leti kasneje, junija 1616, sta Rolfe in njegova nevesta (preimenovana v Rebecca) skupaj s sinom prišla v London.

John Morris je bil pustolovec

Nedvomno je moj prednik John Morris slišal zgodbe o življenju, pustolovščinah in svobodi, ki so jih doživeli prvi naseljenci Novega sveta. Leta 1619 je pri 19 letih John zapustil London Bona Nova in odplul v Jamestown. Spomnite se, decembra 1620 so romarji prispeli na Plymouth Rock v Massachusettsu, zato je bil John prvi Morris, ki je prišel v Ameriko.

Čeprav seznami potnikov za večino prvih ladij, ki odhajajo v Ameriko, ne obstajajo več, je John naveden med 1624 prebivalci naselij v Virginiji. Naveden je kot prebivalec “Elizabeth Cittie ” njegova starost (v času zbiranja) pa je zabeležena kot 24. Mošt pravi, da je leta 1619 prispel na krovu Nova Bona.

Zbiralec hrane in orožje ne kažeta, da bi imel kaj bistvenega, zato lahko pomeni, da je bil (še v času zbiranja) vajenec ali da je bil šele odpuščen iz vajeništva. Mnogi ljudje, ki prihajajo iz Anglije, so se prijavili kot vajenci, ker niso imeli denarja za potovanje v Ameriko. Večina vajeništva je bila od 5 do 7 let dela za nekoga drugega.

Zbiralec vključuje tudi ime Mary Morris kot prebivalke Elizabeth Cityja in navaja njeno starost kot 22. Čeprav ne navaja njenega odnosa z Johnom, je več kot verjetno, da je žena iz več razlogov.

Janezova nevesta po pošti

Od leta 1619 so ladje iz Anglije začele prihajati v Virginijo s “mlade služkinje, ki bodo žene za toliko nekdanjih najemnikov ” in ker je leta 1623 prispela na krovu George iz Londona, verjetno ni bila sestra ali drug sorodnik in je ostala neporočena. Možno je tudi, da je Janez prej opravil vajeništvo (ali pa je obrtnik, trgovec ali kmet, za katerega je bil prej vajen, umrl), Janez pa je bil leta 1623 svoboden človek in je takrat kupil Marijo.

Drug razlog, da je Mary verjetno njegova žena, je, da se mu je leta 1625, leto po zbiranju, rodil Janezov prvi potomec, sin po imenu Charles. Charles je bil ime njegovega dedka v Walesu in je umrl, ko je bil John star komaj 8 let. Bilo je običajno imenovati sina po očetu, dedku ali pradedku.

Družba Virginia je določila, da cena prihodnjih žena ne bo nižja od “ ena stotina in petdeset [funtov] najboljšega listnatega tobaka ” zato je verjetno John kupil svojo ženo za zahtevano pristojbino za tobak. Če želite plačati ta znesek, to pomeni, da je bil Janez že svoboden človek in da je že obdeloval nekaj zemlje s tobakom pred Marijinim prihodom leta 1623. Verjetno so bile žene, ki so prišle v Virginijo, kupljene kmalu po prihodu ali celo prej.

Preživeti v Ameriki

Velika selitev v Jamestown se je zgodila med letoma 1618 in 1628, med katero se je kolonija povečala s 400 na 4500 prebivalcev. Tako Janez kot Marija sta bila del tega gibanja. Janez je prišel leta 1619 in glede na to, ali je bil svoboden človek (ali takoj, ko je bil svoboden človek), je lahko prejel 50 hektarjev lastnega “osebna pustolovščina. ” Leta 1621 je prišel generalni geodet, da bi preprečil ali rešil kakršne koli negotovosti ali spore.

Poleg tega je bila vsaka oseba, ki je plačala prehod za drugo osebo, upravičena do dodatnih 50 hektarjev. Ker je Janez gotovo plačal Marijin prehod, je moral biti upravičen do dodatnih 50 hektarjev, zato s plačilom za Marijo ni dobil samo žene, temveč je dobil lastništvo na še 50 hektarjih, kar mu daje pravice do skupno 100 hektarjev .

Mimogrede, ta sistem, imenovan “head rights ”, se je nadaljeval dolga leta. Janezov rodoslov razkriva, da se je Janezov oče, Edward, rodil leta 1580 v Walesu, umrl pa leta 1663 v Severni Karolini. Nekoč po uspehu v Virginiji (morda nekaj let kasneje) je moral John plačati za prehod svojega očeta in morda drugih, kot so njegova mama ali bratje in sestre.

Pokol in kuga

Leto pred Marijinim prihodom je John preživel pomor leta 1622 ”, v katerem je zaradi presenetljivih uporov na različnih nasadih v Virginiji in okolici umrlo 350 kolonistov. Prebivalstvo kolonije se je v enem dnevu zmanjšalo s 1.400 na 1.050.

Decembra istega leta (1622) je prispela ladja z bolnimi potniki, ki so okužili druge koloniste. Kasnejša kuga je prebivalstvo kolonije zmanjšala na le 500. Leta 1623, leto po poboju in kugi, so Angleži povabili Indijance na mirovna pogajanja, ki so se končala z umorom 250 Indijancev.

V bistvu je John prišel v Ameriko kot 19-letni deček, le nekaj let po tem, ko so prvi kolonisti poskušali ustanoviti Jamestown. V 4 letih je John preživel pokol in kugo in bil med le 500 preživelimi. Bil je sposoben trdo delati in kmetovati tobak, zbrati dovolj, da je plačal za ženo iz Anglije.

Ko je John prišel v Jamestown, je bilo kolonije le okoli 400-500. Do leta 1622 je narasla na približno 1400. Do leta 1623 se je po pokolu in kugi kolonija zmanjšala na le 500. Do leta 1628 se je povečala na približno 4500. To je Novi svet, ki je leta 1625 pozdravil Johna in Mary Morris ter njunega sina Charlesa.

Kakšen je bil John Morris?

Kaj torej vemo o tem, kakšen je bil John Morris? Odgovor najdemo v tem, kar smo izvedeli o njegovem svetu in njegovih potomcih. Bil je trdoživ, da je toliko zdržal. Bil je pogumen, da si je sploh upal priti v to nevarno državo po nevarnem oceanskem potovanju. Imel je trdno odločnost, da ostane tukaj, namesto da bi se vrnil v Anglijo, kot so to storile nekatere bolj plašne osebe.

Bil je tudi blagoslovljen od Boga. Vsekakor je bil podoben Abrahamu, ki “ je šel ven, ne da bi vedel, kam je šel ” in “ po veri je bival v obljubljeni deželi, kot v tuji deželi ” (Hebrejcem 11: 8,9). Živel je in umrl v Virginiji nekaj pred letom 1680, njegov sin Charles pa je bil prvi Morris, rojen v Ameriki leta 1625.

Če povzamem vse, moji predniki, John Morris je bil prvi Morris v Ameriki. Njegova žena Mary Morris je bila prva Morrisova ženska v Ameriki. Njihov sin Charles Morris je bil prvi Morrisov otrok, ki se je rodil v Ameriki.


Gospa Robert Morris (Mary White).

Lokacije knjižnice Oddelek za umetnost, tisk in fotografije Miriam in Ira D. Wallach: Zbirka slik Lokator police: PC COSTU-17-Am Teme Morris, Mary White, 1749-1827 Oblačila in obleke-Združene države-1700-1799 ženske -Oblačila in amp obleke-Združene države-1700-1799 pokrivala-1700-1799 Američani-Oblačila in obleke-1700-1799 Obleke-Združene države-1700-1799 Žanri Natisni Opombe Vsebina: Naslov iz mape. Vsebina: Natisnjeno na meji: "Iz izvirnika [slika] C. W. Peale, v lasti ..." Fizični opis Obseg: 1 natis: b 20 x 12 cm. (7 3/4 x 4 3/4 in.) Vrsta vira Identifikatorji fotografij Dynix: 1635702 ID kataloga NYPL (številka B): b17119638 Črtna koda: 33333159196332 Univerzalni enotni identifikator (UUID): 5950ac90-c540-012f-0d1b- 58d385a7bc34 Izjava o pravicah Stanje avtorskih in sorodnih pravic za to postavko je pregledala The New York Public Library, vendar nismo mogli dokončno določiti statusa avtorskih pravic te postavke. Ta predmet lahko uporabljate na kakršen koli način, ki ga dovoljuje zakonodaja o avtorskih in sorodnih pravicah, ki velja za vašo uporabo.


Gospa Robert Morris (Mary White).

Datumi / mesto nastanka: New York Založnik: D. Appleton & amp Co. Lokacije knjižnice The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Grafika in fotografije: Zbirka tiskanja Lokator polic: MEZP Žanri Natisni Opombe Citiranje / sklic: EM3111 Fizični opis Graviranje Graviranje Vrsta vira Identifikatorji statičnih slik Univerzalni edinstven identifikator (UUID): 360e6590-c607-012f-c738-58d385a7bc34 Izjava o pravicah Javna knjižnica v New Yorku meni, da je ta predmet v skladu z zakonodajo Združenih držav v javni lasti, vendar ni odloči o svojem avtorskem statusu v skladu z zakoni o avtorskih pravicah drugih držav. Ta predmet morda ni v javni lasti po zakonodaji drugih držav. Čeprav to ni potrebno, če nam želite pripisati vir, uporabite naslednjo izjavo "Iz The New York Public Library" in navedite povezavo nazaj do predmeta na našem spletnem mestu Digital Collections. To nam pomaga spremljati, kako se uporablja naša zbirka, in upravičuje svobodno izdajo še več vsebin v prihodnosti.


Resnična zgodba zadaj “Marija je imela malo jagnje ”

Vrtec, ki je bil prvič objavljen leta 1830, temelji na dejanskem incidentu, v katerem je sodelovala Mary Elizabeth Sawyer, ženska, rojena leta 1806 na kmetiji v Sterlingu v Massachusettu. Spoiler: njeno runo * je bilo * belo kot sneg.

Vrtec, ki je bil prvič objavljen leta 1830, temelji na dejanskem incidentu, v katerem je bila vpletena Mary Elizabeth Sawyer, ženska, rojena leta 1806 na kmetiji v Sterlingu v Massachusettu. Leta 1815 je Mary, takrat stara devet let, pomagala očetu pri kmetiji opravila, ko so v ovčjem hlevu odkrili bolno novorojenega jagnjeta, ki ga je zapustila mama. Po številnih prošnjah je Mariji dovoljeno obdržati žival, čeprav njen oče ni upal na njeno preživetje. V nasprotju s tem je Mary uspelo dojiti jagnje, da bi bilo zdravo.

“Zjutraj je, na moje dekliško veselje, zdržal in od takrat se je hitro izboljšal. Kmalu se je naučil piti mleko in odkar bi se sprehajal, bi me spremljal povsod, če bi ga le poklical, & Mary bo kasneje pisala v osemdesetih letih, veliko desetletij po incidentu. In ja, jagnje bi ji res sledilo, kamor koli bi šla, in je imelo runo, belo kot sneg.

Kmalu zatem ni več natančno, kdaj se je Mary z bratom odpravila v šolo, ko jim je jagnje začelo slediti. Bratje in sestre se očitno niso zelo trudili preprečiti, da bi se jagnje pripetilo, celo vlekli so ga čez veliko kamnito ograjo, ki so jo morali prečkati, da so prišli v šolo Redstone, enosobno šolo, ki so jo obiskovali. Ko je bila tam, je Mary skrila svojega ljubljenčka pod mizo in jo pokrila z odejo. Ko pa je bila Mary poklicana pred razred, da je poučila svoje lekcije, je jagnje izskočilo iz svojega skrivališča in na veliko žalost Mary in na veselje njenih sošolcev prišlo na hodnik za njo. Jagnje je bilo izločeno, kjer je nato počakalo zunaj, dokler je Mary med kosilom ni odpeljala domov. Naslednji dan je John Roulstone, leto ali dve starejši študent, Mary izročil kos papirja s pesmijo, ki jo je napisal o dogodkih prejšnjega dne. Poznate besede:

Marija je imela malega jagnjeta
Njegovo runo je bilo belo kot sneg
In povsod, kamor je šla Marija,
Jagnje je zagotovo šlo.

Nekega dne ji je sledil v šolo,
Kar je bilo v nasprotju s pravilom
Otroke je nasmejalo in igralo
Videti jagnje v šoli.

In tako se je učitelj izkazal
A kljub temu je ostal blizu,
In potrpežljivo čakal
Dokler se ni pojavila Marija.

Jagnje je zraslo in bo kasneje imelo tri jagnjeta, preden ga je ena od družinskih krav pri štirih letih usmrtila. Še ena tragedija se je zgodila kmalu zatem, ko je Roulstone, takrat brucoš na Harvardu, nenadoma umrl pri 17 letih.

Tu se začne kontroverza. Leta 1830 je Sarah Josepha Hale, priznana pisateljica in vplivna urednica (ona in#8217s, znana tudi kot "zahvalna mati"#8221, ker je pripomogla k temu, da je dan počitnice) Pesmi za naše otroke, ki je vseboval različico pesmi. Po besedah ​​same Marije je izvirnik Roulstone ’ vseboval le tri kitice, različica Hale#8217s pa je imela na koncu še tri kitice. Mary je priznala, da ni imela pojma, kako je Hale dobil pesem Roulstone's#8217. Ko so jo vprašali, je Hale povedala, da njena različica z naslovom “Mary ’s Lamb, ” ni govorila o resničnem incidentu, ampak o nečem, kar si je ’d pravkar izmislila. Kmalu so se prebivalci Sterlinga in prebivalci Newporta v New Hampshireu, od koder prihaja Hale, prepirali o pesniškem izvoru –, kar so počeli še leta. V dvajsetih letih prejšnjega stoletja, ko sta umrli Mary Sawyer in Sarah Hale, je v boj prišel nihče drug kot Henry Ford, človek, ki je revolucioniral avtomobilsko industrijo. Izumitelj se je postavil na stran verzije dogodkov Mary's#8217s. Na koncu je kupil staro šolsko hišo, kjer se je zgodil dogodek z jagnjetom, in jo preselil v Sudbury, Mass., Nato pa izdal knjigo o Mary Sawyer in njenem jagnjetu. Na koncu se zdi najbolj logična razlaga, da je Hale preprosto dodala dodatne kitice izvirniku Roulstone ’s (o katerem je verjetno tudi ona#8217d nekoč vetrovala).

Ampak počakaj! Obstaja tretja različica, kako je nastala zgodba o Mariji in njenem jagnjetu. Čez lužo v Walesu je bila Mary Hughes iz Llangollena v Denbighshireju pripisana temu, da je bila predmet pesmi, ki naj bi jo napisala Londončanka z imenom Miss Burls. Edina težava z britansko različico dogodkov je, da se Mary Hughes ni rodila do leta 1842, dvanajst let po objavi pesmi Hale#8217.

Na koncu je otroška rima po uglasbitvi zaživela kot sama. Sredi 1800-ih je postal izjemno priljubljen. Pesem je celo postala prvi zvočni posnetek v zgodovini, ko jo je Thomas Edison leta 1877 recitiral na svojem novo izumljenem fonografu, da bi preveril, ali stroj dejansko deluje. Je. Poslušajte ga tukaj. Nazaj v Sterlingu v Mass, še naprej praznujejo Mary Sawyer. V mestu je kip slavnega jagnjeta in obnovljena različica Marijinega doma (izvirnik sta leta 2007 uničila par požigalcev). Njeni potomci še naprej obdelujejo zemljo, ki je rodila najbolj znano pesmijo vseh časov.


Robert Morris, III

Otroci Roberta MORRISA, Jr. in Mary (& quotMolly & quot) WHITE so bili:

1. Robert MORRIS III (19. december 1769, Philadelphia, okrožje Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - AFT 1804, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania) [M]:

Poročena z Anna SHOEMAKER (27. marec 1777, Philadelphia, okrožje Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - 5. marec 1865, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania), 5. maj 1796, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.

Anna SHOEMAKER je bila hči Benjamina SHOEMAKERA (9. januar 1747, Philadelphia, okrožje Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Britanska Severna Amerika - 4. september 1808, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania) in Elizabeth WARNER (umrla 8. decembra 1823), ki sta se poročila 18. maja 1773 na srečanju prijateljev, Philadelphia, okrožje Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, British Nortrh America. Drugič je bila poročena s Francisom BLOODGOODOM, nekdanjim uradnikom vrhovnega sodišča v New Yorku in županom Albanyja v New Yorku, novembra 1823.

Življenjepis

Robert se je rodil leta 1769. Robert je otrok Roberta Morrisa in Mary White.

5. maja 1796 se je poročil z Ano Čevljar. Imela sta pet otrok, od katerih sta bili poročeni tri hčere in sin.

Jeseni 1781, starega 12 let, so ga skupaj z mlajšim bratom Thomasom poslali v Evropo na izobraževanje. Potovali so v varstvu Mathewa Ridleyja, z očetovim pismom, naslovljenim na Benjamina Franklina v Pariz. Fantje so bili poslani v Ženevo, kjer je študiral Franklinov vnuk, njun znanec. Fantje Morris so pet let obiskovali šolo v Ženevi in ​​med šolskimi počitnicami na kratko obiskovali druge dele Evrope.

Po petih letih šolanja v Ženevi sta brata odšla v Nemčijo, kjer sta skoraj dve leti študirala na leipski univerzi. V ZDA so se vrnili spomladi 1788.

Opombe

Oporoke: izvlečki, knjiga 1 - del B: 1805 - 1806, str. 498: Okrožje Philadelphia, Pensilvanija:

MORRIS, ROBERT. Mesto Philadelphia. Prej trgovec. 16. junija 1804. 29. maja 1806. 1.498. Svojo uro, prej očetovo, zapušča sinu Robertu. Zlato je potisnil trsu sinu Thomasu, glavo mu je dal pokojni John Hancock, ko je predsednik kongresa, trs, darilo Jamesa Wilsona. Sina Henryja, naj mu tiskarski tisk in papir pošlje londonski sir Robert Herries. Hči: Hetty zdaj gospa MARSHALL. Hči: Maria zdaj gospa NIXON. Gouverneurju Morrisu. Vse ostalo premoženje ima njegova žena Mary MORRIS. Izvršna: žena Mary MORRIS. Duh: Henry Kenyon, Garrett Cottringer.

Francis Bloodgood je umrl 5. marca 1840 v starosti 71 let. Pokopan je bil tudi v prezbiterijanskem grobišču. [2] V času svoje smrti je bil poročen z Anno Shoemaker (rojeno 27. marca 1777) iz družine Philadelphia Quaker, vdovo Roberta Morrisa Jr. [8] Njegova žena je živela do 5. marca 1865, ko je umrla v Philadelphiji. H


Mary Philipse

Hči Fredericka Philipse III, Mary Philipse se je rodila v graščini, 3. julija 1730. Njen oče, čigar družina se je sredi 17. stoletja izselila na Manhattan iz Nizozemske, je bil gospodar graščine Philipsburgh in je imel v lasti ogromno posest na reki Hudson pri današnjih Yonkerjih. Bil je tudi predsednik kolonialne skupščine New Yorka.

George Washington je bil polkovnik Virginije, star 24 let, ki je pravkar osvojil svojo prvo lovoriko na bojišču. Na poti v Boston k generalu Shirleyju se je ustavil v New Yorku in se oglasil v hiši polkovnice Beverly Robinson, ene od prijateljic Washingtona iz Virginije.

Tam je Washington spoznal gospodično Mary Philipse, ki je bila v zimskih mesecih na obisku pri Robinsonovih-njeni sestri in svaku. Mary je bila dobro izobražena in je uživala v vseh prednostih, ki jih je ponujala družba. Opisali so jo kot veliko osebno lepoto, s temnimi očmi in lasmi, močne volje, vendar prijazne narave.

Mlado srce Georgea#8217 se je dotaknilo njenega šarma in lepote. Nejevoljno je odšel in nadaljeval pot v Boston. Po vrnitvi je bil spet gost v domu Robinson. Tam je ostal v družbi Mary ’s, dokler je to dopuščala dolžnost.

Ugiba se, da ji je ponudil roko, a so jo zavrnili, vendar je najverjetnejša različica zgodbe, da so ga javne dolžnosti odpoklicale, preden je uspel narediti dovolj ugreza v žensko srce. Resnica je bila, da so čas Washingtona skoraj v celoti vzele vojaške zadeve.

Kmalu zatem je Washington slišal, da je Roger Morris, kapitan v britanski vojski, dobil roko Mary ’. Kapitan Morris in Mary Philipse sta se poročila v graščini sredi ugledne družbe 19. januarja 1758. Poroka je bila eden izmed družabnih dogodkov v sezoni. Od sani bi odpotovali iz New Yorka do družinskega dvorca, ki je stal v središču 57.000 hektarjev velike posesti v današnjem Yonkersu v New Yorku.

Leta 1765, ko je Roger Morris, čigar mestna hiša je bila na vogalu ulic Whitehall in Stone, videl ta oglas v newyorškem Merkurju in si ga je želel:

Kmetija v prijetnem okolju, na cesti, ki vodi do King's#8217s Bridge v mestu Harlem, na otoku York, ki obsega približno 100 hektarjev, od katerih je blizu 30 hektarjev gozd, lep kos travnika, in ga je lažje narediti: in zapoveduje najboljši prospekt v vsej državi: dežela teče od reke do reke: na obeh koncih je ribolov, ostriga in trpljenje …

Tako je kupil ponujeno zemljišče in do poletja 1766 dokončal trdno gruzijsko podeželsko hišo na današnjem zgornjem Manhattnu. Lahka lokacija na hribu je bila idealna za družinsko poletno hišo. To posestvo na severu Manhattna, znano kot Mount Morris, se je raztezalo od reke Harlem do reke Hudson. Hiša še vedno stoji blizu 160. ulice in gleda navzdol na mesto, ki je zraslo do nje in onkraj nje.

Devet let je Roger Morris z družino živel v dvorcu. Kot član zakonodajnega sveta je veliko svojega časa namenil interesom svojih sodržavljanov. Toda sčasoma je izgubil sočutje do sosedov. Zahtevali so vojno z Veliko Britanijo in menil je, da se uporu ne more pridružiti. Vendar se ni hotel boriti proti domoljubom.

Slika: Portret Mary Philipse Morris
avtor John Singleton Copley

Leta 1775 je Roger Morris izjavil, da je zvest Angliji in kralju ter odplul v Anglijo, nepremičnino pa je zapustil Mary Philipse Morris. Hišo je nekaj časa držala odprto, vendar je zaradi vojne, ki se je vrtela okoli nje, lastništvo na koncu opustila. Z otroki sta se preselila v dvorec Philipse Manor House v Yonkersu, zakonodajno telo zvezne države New York pa je zaplenilo hišo Morris.

Med revolucionarno vojno je bila lokacija Morrisovega dvorca na hribu cenjena zaradi pogleda na reko Harlem, Bronx in Long Island Sound na vzhodu, New York City in pristanišče na jugu ter reko Hudson in Jersey Palisades proti zahodu in se je izkazal za strateški vojaški štab.

14. septembra 1776 se je general George Washington odločil, da New York prepusti Britancem. Načrtoval je, da bo šel v Harlem, v utrdbo, ki je bila pripravljena na ravno takšno nujno situacijo. 15. septembra je prevzel hišo Rogerja Morrisa kot svoj začasni sedež med 14. septembrom in 20. oktobrom 1776.

16. novembra 1776 je bil Washington v Fort Leeju na obali New Jerseyja. Želel si je ogledati britanske operacije v njihovem napadu na Fort Washington, zato je prestopil v hišo Morris. Petnajst minut po tem, ko je zapustil hišo, da bi se vrnil v New Jersey, je 14.000 britanskih in hesejskih vojakov zasedlo dvorec Morris in trdnjavo Washington.

Dvorec Philipse
Dvorana Philipse Manor Hall iz leta 1682 še vedno stoji na svoji prvotni lokaciji. To je najstarejša zgradba v Yonkersu, ki je preživela indijanska, nizozemska in angleška obdobja svoje zgodovine.

Decembra 1776 mu je bilo dovoljeno, da se vrne v dvorec, potem ko je dal pogojno pravico, da sovražniku ne bo dajal pomoči ali obveščevalnih podatkov. Toda naslednje leto je zapustil Manor House, odšel v svojo mestno hišo v New Yorku, ki je bila takrat v lasti Britancev, in se nikoli več ni vrnil. Zato so ga obsodili, da je kršil pogojno.

Leta 1779 je bila graščina in zemljišča Philipse razglašena za zasežene, ker je lastnik zavrnil prisego zvestobe kolonijam, Frederick Philipse III pa je odšel v Anglijo. Zakonodaja zvezne države New York je odločila, da se zemljišče Philipse prodaja na parcelah, ki ne presegajo 500 hektarjev.

Slika: Dvorec Phillipse

Obsodbe Fredericksa Philipsa in#8217 so ga pripeljale tudi do tega, da je izjavil zvestobo angleškemu kralju, 29. junija 1776 pa so mu vročili poziv, naj se pojavi pred odborom za nezadovoljne osebe, da pojasni svoje stališče. Poslal je izmikajoč se odgovor s pismom in ostal sam do 9. avgusta, ko je general Washington odredil, naj ga odvzamejo. Nato so ga odpeljali v Middletown v Connecticutu in tam zadržali.

Leta 1783 je Mary Philipse Morris s štirimi otroki odšla v Anglijo. Roger Morris je umrl leta 1794, Mary pa je živela še 31 let.

Mary Philipse Morris je umrla leta 1825 v starosti 96 let in je bila pokopana poleg moža v Yorku v Angliji.


Mary Walton Morris

Mary Walton, ki je leta 1749 postala žena Lewisa Morrisa, je prihajala iz ugledne družine newyorških trgovcev. Njen oče je bil Jacob Walton, ki se je poročil z Marijo, hčerko dr. Gerardusa Beekmana, in z bratom Williamom nadaljeval velik posel, ki ga je ustanovil njihov oče.

"Toda najbolj zgodovinska trgovska družina je bila Waltonova, katere bogastvo je bilo v parlamentu navedeno za prikaz bogastva province," pravi James Grant Wilson's History of New York City. "Ustanovitelj družine je bil William Walton, patronim, ki se je prenašal tudi skozi celo stoletje. V začetku osemnajstega stoletja je kupil tla na obali East River in tam ustanovil obsežne ladjedelnice. S svojimi ladjami je odplul na zahod Indije in španska glavna. Izvor velikega premoženja te podjetne družine je bila velika prednost, ki so jo dobili kapetan Walton (ali šef Walton, kot so ga zaradi svojega nadzornega dela v ladjedelnici po domače imenovali) Španci sv. Augustine, Fla., In Zahodnoindijski otoki. Imel je pogodbo za dobavo garnizona in je imel stalni dejavnik na postaji Florida. Njegov sin je bil William Walton, ki je plul po očetovih ladjah. " Po smrti ustanovitelja so podjetje pod imenom Jacob in William Walton nadaljevali, po smrti Jacoba pa otroci Williama Waltona in Jacoba Waltona.

Mary Walton je bila izjemno sposobna ženska, ne glede na njeno bogastvo in družbeni položaj pa je bila dobro usposobljena in varčna gospodinja ter se je aktivno vključila v podeželsko življenje, ki si ga je njen mož izbral, ko je leta 1746 diplomiral na Yale College in kot starejši sin, nasledil lastništvo graščine Morrisania, ki se je nameraval posvetiti kmetijstvu.
Rodilo se jim je deset otrok: Lewis, Jacob, William, James Staats, Richard V., Catharine, Mary, Sarah in Helena. Trije najstarejši sinovi so vstopili v vojsko in se z veliko zaslugo oprostili.

Ne glede na njegovo veliko premoženje, ki leži blizu New Yorka in je skoraj zagotovo trpelo, je Lewis Morris pred večino javnih ljudi v New Yorku svetoval uporu britanskim posegom v pravice ljudi in je bil seveda pomemben človek, ko je podpisal Izjava. Njegova družina je bila zaradi varnosti prisiljena leteti, njegovo veličastno posestvo pa je bilo skoraj v celoti uničeno. Njegova hiša je bila uničena, kmetija pa zapravljena. Njegovo govedo so pregnali in ga prisvojili za preživetje napadalca. Njegov čudovit gozd z več kot tisoč hektarji je bil opustošen in pokvarjen. As illustrative of the disorganized condition of affairs in the Morris household at this time and also as showing how much Mr. Morris was obliged to rely on his wife and how capable she was to act, is shown in the following letters written to him by his son Lewis, who was stationed in New York:

NEW YORK, Sept. 6th, 1776.
Dr. Sir,---
When I received your letter I was at the Bridge looking for a Sloop to carry some Furniture to the Fish Kill, which I shall send off next day after to Morrow. From your Letter I believe you were acquainted with Mama's moving up to Harrison's Purchase with her Family where she carried a great deal of Furniture and all her Linnen and wearing apparel, therefore your Proposition of moving her to Philadelphia will be attended by many obstacles, for she can neither bring Cloathes sufficient for the Family nor Utensils to keep house as most of the Carts and Waggons are pressed in the service. I assure you, Sir, your affairs at Morrisania however secure you may think they may be are in a very critical situation, in all probability they may be in the Possession of the Enemy in a little Time. I wish you was at home to assist me, you have a good deal at stake. Mrs. Wilkins has very industriously propagated that you had fled to France. Such Brimstones will certainly meet with their desert.
Give my love to all, and believe me to be,
Your dutiful son,
L. Morris.

On September I4th, a week after the letter above was written, the young man writes again to his father:

"Dr. PAPA, . . . I have compleated a Task the most difficult that ever poor Lad undertook but I am sure you will think it very imperfectly compleated. The danger of our Situation required Dispatch--Dispatch created confusion which caused a Deficiency in Many Parts of my system. However I so far settled the plan of my Mother's Removel, that I believe she left her dreary habitation last Thursday attended by a very large Retinue---The Chariot before the chair, and three horses in the centre and the Waggon brought up the rear. I hope they may arrive safe. The Enemy has possession of Montroseur's Island for these three or four days and yesterday they brought several Field Pieces upon the North West Point and fired several times at your house. I suppose they will shoot it like a sieve and destroy what little I left on the place . "

Mr. Morris left Congress in 1777, being succeeded by his brother, Gouverneur. He continued his service, however, part of the time as a member of the state legislature and a part of the time in the field with the state militia. At the close of the war after the evacuation of New York by the British he returned to Morrisania with his family and cheerfully began the work of bringing back the nearly ruined estate to the semblance of a home. The remains of Mary Walton Morris and her distinguished husband rest in the family vault at St. Ann's Church (Episcopal), St. Ann's Avenue and 40th Street, Bronx, New York.

Jacob Morris, the second son of the signer, who entered the Revolution at the age of nineteen became a general and at the close of the war retired to the "Morris Patent," a three-thousand acre tract of wild land granted to his uncle, Col. Richard Morris, and his father, in Montgomery County. He married Mary Cox, an amiable, high-spirited girl who bravely took up the pioneer life with him and went into the wilderness to break ground and build up a home. Her mother-in-law, Mary Walton, must have appreciated her endeavors and the contrasts of her life, for though perhaps as was the custom of the day she indulged little in correspondence she summed up her courage and indicted an epistle to her son Jacob, saying, "I am glad Polly is learning how to spin and that she is taking an interest in the chickens."


WAR: 1775-1783

Civilisti: non-military residents of a state or nation. Not soldiers or sailors, but ordinary citizens whose lives during wartime are inevitably influenced by the tumult around them. As the Revolutionary War spread from north to south and along the western frontier, it engulfed civilians' lives in ways unprecedented in colonial America. Here we read first-person accounts that reflect the Patriot, Loyalist, and Indian civilian experience. While all were written by women, they document the experiences of male relatives, colleagues, neighbors, and enemies. (We recommend that these accounts be distributed among student groups for presentation to the class, which will then identify patterns and illustrative anomalies.)

Margaret Morris, Quaker widow in New Jersey, journal selections, 1776-1777. A Quaker widow in New Jersey, Margaret Hill Morris found herself in the center of war in late 1776 as Washington's defeated army was pursued by the British. As winter approached, the British opted to return to New York while their Hessian (German) troops encamped in New Jersey&mdashone regiment in Morris's town. Also nearby were Pennsylvania militia troops and a flotilla of small American warships. Morris's life intersected with them all during the tumultuous two months chronicled in her wartime journal. (9 pp.)

Molly Gutridge, Massachusetts, "A New Touch of the Times," poem, 1779. A "daughter of Liberty" in a coastal Massachusetts town, Molly Gutridge published the poem A New Touch on the Times in 1779 to mourn the plight of women struggling in a depressed wartime economy without the income and support of their husbands. Using poetic repetition and iambic tetrameter (four iambs per line) to subtly mimic a marching cadence, Gutridge drives through a list of wartime hardships and concludes by indicting man's sinful behavior as the cause of "this cruel war." (1 p.)

Mary Jemison (Dehgewanus), white Seneca adoptee in New York, narrative selections, 1779-1780. Captured by Shawnee Indians in 1758, teenager Mary Jemison was given in marriage to a Delaware Indian. At the outset of the Revolutionary War, she was Dehgewanus, a wife and mother in a Seneca village in western New York. The war came directly to her village with the Sullivan Campaign of 1779, sent to eradicate Iroquois support for the British by destroying their villages and farmland. Near the end of her life she related her life experiences to a local physician who published her memoir, A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, in 1824. (8 pp.)

Esther Reed, governor's wife in Pennsylvania, broadside appeal, 1780. In the desperate months of 1780 as General Washington was pleading with Congress and the states to provide adequate supplies for his soldiers, the First Lady of Pennsylvania, Esther De Berdt Reed, spearheaded a fundraising campaign with other influential Philadelphia women that raised $300,000 for the Continental Army. As such, Reed is considered the likely author of the broadside titled The Sentiments of an American Woman, published to promote, explain, and justify the women's campaign. (3 pp.)

Eliza Wilkinson, planter's daughter in South Carolina, letter selections, 1780. Born to a wealthy plantation family near Charleston, South Carolina, Eliza Yonge Wilkinson was a young widow and staunch Patriot when the British army launched its southern campaign, culminating in a forty-day siege of Charleston and eighteen-month occupation of the city. On "the day of terror," June 3, 1780, her family plantation was visited by three groups of military men&mdashfriendly Patriots, plundering Britons, and sympathetic members of "McGirth's Army," a renegade band of Loyalist militia. Two years later, Wilkinson recounted her experiences in a series of letters to a friend. (10 pp.)

Anna Rawle, Loyalist's daughter in Pennsylvania, journal selections, 1781. On October 19, 1781, General Cornwallis surrendered his army to General Washington at Yorktown, Virginia. For Loyalists, the news was devastating, and for many it led to mob attacks on their homes and persons. Anna Rawle, the daughter of a prominent Loyalist Quaker family in Philadelphia, recounted the experiences of her family and Loyalist friends in a journal kept for her mother in New York City. (3 pp.)


Genealogy of the Morris family

This page is devoted to research on my father's side, which began with the discovery of a letter written by my great grandfather, Williamson Plant MORRIS back in October 1931. The letter contained a detailed description of life at the John MORRIS farm during the Civil War in Hickman County, Tennessee. The discovery of this letter prompted my interest in my ancestry, and an associated many hundreds of hours of detective work!

What I have written here is a work in progress that will continue to grow as I explore the many branches. Feel free to follow the many links I have sprinkled throughout the pages, understanding that links often are broken as web sites change. Oprosti.

The complete letter written by Williamson Plant MORRIS in 1931

  • Life during the Civil War on the border between the two sides
  • Stories of slave trading
  • Slaves named "Jack", "Jane", and "Rose"
  • Neighbors EASLEY and prominent lawyer Hardy PETTY
  • The fall of Fort Donelson
  • Kinsmen Mr. OR and Carrie GOLDSON of Oceola, Clarksville and Charlotte
  • A deserter soldier found dead named Burnard RILEY
  • Dunbar's Cave, probably misnamed
  • Haunted Hollow, possibly now called Boneyard Hollow
  • Jessie RUST and the military hospital in Nashville
  • A Yankee officer named Capt. BUFORD
  • The 'mud negro' of Reelfoot Lake, named Bill MOOR or EDWIN FRENCH
  • Susan GODFREY, the girl in a trance from Obion County aka Sleeping Beauty
  • J.D. HOWARD (Jesse JAMES)
  • Charley CLINE, Will SCOTT, Hubbard SCOTT

The Lineage

The Origins of the Scots/Irish

In 1603, James I, King of England ascended to the throne and the border was finally pacified by sending many of these families to Northern Ireland. It was hoped they would settle down, but their previous lifestyle had become too ingrained.

These Scots/Irish are usually referred to as "Ulster Scots" in the United Kingdom. They were predominantly Presbyterian/Protestant, and had no need of either a priest or a King to think for them.

There were wars between the Scots/Irish and the Native Irish between 1640 and 1660 when the Irish rose up against the English. Finally the Scots/Irish army was defeated, and the they became persecuted. Presbyterian services were prohibited and the ministers outlawed.

The Scots/Irish Emigrate to America

The Scots/Irish landed mostly in Pennsylvania and began settling in the hills nearby. They also moved into Maryland or other close by places that resembled their home countryside. The first Ulster settlement was in Donegal, PA.

Eventually, a ferry opened up the Cumberland Valley, and it became their heartland. By the middle 1700's, the flow of immigrants down the Shenandoah Valley and westward from Charleston and Carolina ports filled the back countries of the Carolinas at a remarkable rate. But the Ulstermen were known for their drinking, arguing, singing, and dancing. They did not have a peaceful relationship with the Native Americans who lived all around them. The old border reevers of the Scots/English border had become the frontiersmen and the mountain men of the new world.

William MORRIS (1730-1806)

  • Betty
  • Frances
  • Sarah
  • Lidija
  • Jessee
  • Molly (1756 Hickman Co. KY - ?)
  • Nathan (1755-1830) See below

William Airley (1800-after 1844)

  • James W.
  • J.J.
  • Thomas
  • J.S.
  • N.A.
  • G.W.
  • Columbus W. (the youngest son)
  • Eliza Ann, married Miles ALLEN and moved to Fayette Co. TN, but moved back to Anson Co., NC after her husband's death in the early 1840's and married Alexander BROOKS
  • Martha A.K., married a GRIFFIN
  • Frances J.L., married a GRIFFIN (not necessarily the same one. there were several!)

Nathan MORRIS (1755-1830)

Many small farmers opposed the British militia under Governor Tryon at the Battle of Alamance, May 16, 1771, but they lost and were compelled to take the oath of allegiance to the King. About 4,000 people who refused to take the oath left North Carolina over the next few years and moved into Tennessee. Among those who moved to Montgomery County, Tennessee, were Williamson PLANT and Thomas PETTY who is also listed in deed for the Long Pine Methodist Church.

Nathan Morris is listed as a Private in the roster of soldiers in the American Revolution as being in Evan's Company, from 1782 for 18 months. (North Carolina State Records, Clark, Vol XVI, 1782-1783, page 149)

The 1800 Census of Anson County lists the Nathan Morris family as having 3 males under the age of 10, 1 female between 10 and 16, 3 females 16 to 26, and the father being 45 or older. This would put Nathan's birthdate at 1755 or earlier.

In 1803, Montgomery County was split up, creating Dickson County, and Thomas PETTY staked a claim on Piney River. The Nathan Morris family moved to Montgomery County in 1807.

  • Jesse (ca 1790 - ca 1857)
  • William Thomas(1804-1838), Married Avrilla MCGREGOR of Stewart Co. TN and had a son named Nathaniel N. Morris, who had a son named Lemuel M. Morris in 1865 in Pope Co. AR.
  • Charles B. (?-?)
  • Nancy (?-?)
  • James (?-?)
  • Elizabeth ALLEN
  • Mary (05/07/1793 NC - 08/19/1869 Montgomery Co. TN) Married Rev. Henry HORN (08/22/1792 - 02/21/1866) September 30, 1813 in TN Their children were:
    • Josiah Martin (11/04/1816 Montgomery Co, TN - 07/03/1898 Baxter Co, AR)
    • Sarah T. (07/31/1819 Montgomery Co, TN - 02/07/1841 Montgomery Co, TN)
    • Thomas Hunter (08/28/1821 Montgomery Co, TN - 07/11/1910 Mountain Home, Baxter, AR)
    • William D. (10/28/1823 Montgomery Co, TN - ??)
    • Henry S. (10/20/1825 Montgomery Co, TN - 09/15/1894 AR)
    • Cordial N. (09/25/1827 Montgomery Co, TN - 01/22/1865 DeSoto Parish, LA)
    • Dr. James R. (10/01/1829 Montgomery Co, TN - after 1887 Keatchie, LA)
    • Charles Frances Marion (10/03/1831 Montgomery Co, TN - 04/1918 Lafayette, Kentucky)
    • Elizabeth W. (11/07/1833 - 04/23/1855)
    • Columbus J. (05/20/1837 - 02/1865)
    • Cornelius David (03/16/1840 Montgomery Co, TN - 07/04/1928 Cumberland City, Stewart Co, TN)
    • Catharine E. P. (1829-??)
    • Priscilla W. (1832-??)
    • Elizabeth H. (1834-??)
    • Sally A. (1836-??)
    • George (1841-??)
    • Nathan Ross (07/17/1849 Montgomery Co, TN - 05/20/1918 TN)
    • Thomas (1815-?)
    • John (1819-?) see below
    • Ross (6/1821 Montgomery Co, TN - 1893 Beeville, TX) married Elizabeth C. STARKEY (11/1831 NC - ?) on 01/01/1851 (Montg. Co. Marriage Records), founded the city of Mineral, TX, according to the "History of Bee County"
    • Rebecca Wren Morris
    • Nathan Jr. (born after 1821)

    John MORRIS (1819-?)

    • Mary E. (1847-?)
    • Eugenia or possibly Virginia (1848-?)
    • Kate B. or Cate P. (08/1850-?) Married a HALL, was widowed by 1880, and had Camb (Campbell), (10/1870-?), and Alfred Hall (1874-?). Then married ETHRIDGE, and had Sammie (101887-?) and was widowed again by 1890.
    • Williamson Plant (06/27/1851 - 1941), named after his mother (WILLIAMSON) and his uncle (PLANT).
    • Anabella (Belle) Brown (07/07/1853 - 04/05/1895) married John FRENCH in Humphreys County, 29 January 1876. They had the following children: Bristol, Sallie A., Clarence C. and Mattie (Mabel). Belle B. FRENCH, John FRENCH and Sallie FRENCH are buried in the French/Pulley Cemetery on Lewis Branch near Erin, TN (Tombstone photo) and (Sallie FRENCH obit)
    • Joseph (Johnnie) (1857-?)
    • Sally A. (1859-?)
    • Sammie (1862 -?)
    • Mattie (AKA Mollie) (04/18/1865-?)

    His father's will stipulates that Michal "shall have all the rest of my effects together with the plantation wherein I now live to be at her command during her natural life or widowhood or until my youngest son Nathan Morris comes to the age of 21 years and then to be equally divided between Thomas, John, Ross, and Rebecca and Nathan." Assuming Nathan Jr. John's younger brother, born in 1821, would have been 21 by 1842, his mother Michal's planation and other effects inherited from Nathan would have been divided between the children around 1842. The 1850 Montgomery Co. Census, p221, lists Michal Morris, age 71, with Ross (29) and Thomas (35) living with her, and Real Estate valued at $500. The Agricultural Production schedule gives her land ownings as 137 acres plus $200 of livestock. Sometime between 1851 and 1860, the John Morris family moved from Montgomery County to Hickman County, Tennessee. Apparently, John's portion of this inheritance consisted of 5,000 angora goats and at least 6 slaves.

    The best estimation I can make of the location of the 700 acre property they were farming is in an area 1 mile South and 1/2 mile West of Pinewood, to the Northeast of James Hollow, North and West of the Piney River, as well as the bluffs and caves about 2 or 3 miles into the wooded region near what is now Cash Hollow Road. Here are the best potential areas that match the description in the letter, have the requisite open space and forest, access to the river, and are of the right size: [Site 1] [Site 2] [Site 3] Oddly, while personal property value is listed as $12,861 (a sizeable value rivaling that of the wealthy merchants and lawyers around there) the real estate value is . He must have had an lease or other arrangement to farm the the land? Who owned the property in 1860? I believe it is currently part of a 463 acre tract owned by the Cash family and which was owned by Hardy Petty during the time of the Civil War.

    In the 1860 Census for Hickman County, 6th District, page 139, the John MORRIS family is listed next to the Hardy PETTY family, consisting of Hardy PETTY (1811), Susan Wren PETTY (1812?), and at least 9 children. The Hardy and Susan PETTY family is also listed in the 1931 letter by W.P. MORRIS in numerous places. The CASH family land is adjacent to the PETTY Cemetery which Hardy PETTY defined and donated in his will. I assume these are descendants of Thomas PETTY, one of the first settlers of the Piney River in Dickson County. Hardy's wife Susan's maiden name was WREN. Is she related to Nathan Morris' child Rebecca Wren Morris? Is this why there is such a bond between the PETTY family and the John MORRIS family?

    At the outbreak of the Civil War, at age 43, John MORRIS joined the Confederate Army along with other men from Hickman County, possibly into A or B Company, 42nd Infantry of the CSA (based on a match between Tennesseans in the Civil War, Part 2 and Goodspeed's Hickman County History of Tennessee . Sometime between January 20th when he was in Centerville selling a 12 year old slave named Lewis for $1,000 (which would have been almost 10% of his entire net worth!), to raise cash to sustain his family in his absence, and February 13, 1862, he joined his regiment and was sent to Fort Donelson, which is only about 60 miles north of Pinewood. Almost immediately upon arrival, on February 16, 1862, Fort Donelson was captured by the Union forces under General Ulysses Grant. Some historians believe this was a collossal blunder, as the gunners at the fort had rendered 4 Union City-class Ironclad Gunboats inoperative and had repelled every Union assault on the fort. And yet they surrendered, turning the tide of the war almost immediately in its infancy, by opening the way for the Union to invade Nashville and the South. John MORRIS and 13,000 other soldiers were captured, and MORRIS was sent to Rock Island Prison in Illinois in 1863. It is not clear where he was held for the year prior to his incarceration at Rock Island, because Rock Island prison was not operational until November 1863. Possibly Camp Douglas in Illinois.

    "On April 10, 1862, a petition was sent from Camp Douglas to Andrew Johnson, Military Governor of Tennessee, from men from the 42nd, 48th, 49th and 50th Tennessee Infantry Regiments, expressing a desire to take the oath of allegiance to the Federal Government, and requesting his intercession in their behalf."

    He took the Amnesty Oath, and when he returned home to Pinewood, (they found him walking down the road) he was "tall and lean, with an awful crop of beard" and his children did not even recognize him. It's over 500 miles from Rock Island to Pinewood. How far did he actually walk? If he was indeed at Rock Island, he managed to survive smallpox and many other horrors that killed 17% of the entire inmate population there.

    It appears the John Morris family lost everything during the Civil War, and he was declared insolvent and moved out of Hickman County. The John Morris household then shows up in the 1870 and 1880 Census of Humphreys County. The real estate value in 1870 is $2,000 and the personal property value is $800. I imagine the goats did not make the move to Humphreys County. Certainly the roughly $3,500 worth of slaves he owned were set free by 1865. In the 1880 Census of Humphreys County, District 2, John Morris is listed as a widower, with Sallie, Mattie, and Samie (daughters) living with him as well as Katie (Kate R) HALL (26), listed as a Daughter, and her two sons Camp HALL (8) and Alfred HALL (6).

    There are photos of my trips to Hickman County and Fort Donelson in this Album.


    Poglej si posnetek: Evangelist Mary WHITE And The Gospellets part 1