Olimpijske igre 1996 - Atlanta - zgodovina

Olimpijske igre 1996 - Atlanta - zgodovina


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Mesto: Atlanta Mens Athletics
Dogodek: 100 m Zmagovalec: Donovan Bailey Država: CAN
Dogodek: 200 m Zmagovalec: Michael Johnson Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 400 m Zmagovalec: Michael Johnson Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 800 m Zmagovalec: Vebjoem Rodal Država: NOR
Dogodek: 1500 m Zmagovalec: Noureddine Moreceli Država: ALG
Dogodek: 5000 m Zmagovalec: Venuste Niyongabo Država: BUR
Dogodek: 10.000 m Zmagovalec: Haile Gebrselassie Država: ETH
Dogodek: 110 m Z ovirami zmagovalec: Allen Johnson, država: ZDA
Dogodek: 400 m Z ovirami Zmagovalec: Derrick Adkins Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 400 m štafetni zmagovalec: Kanada
Dogodek: zmagovalec štafete 1.600 m: ZDA
Dogodek: 3.000 m Zmagovalec Steeplechase: Joseph Keter Država: KEN
Dogodek: 50 km Zmagovalec: Robert Korzeniowski Država: POL
Dogodek: 20 km hoje Zmagovalec: Jefferson Keter Država: ECU
Dogodek: zmagovalec maratona: Josia Thugwane Država: Južna Afrika
Dogodek: Zmagovalec v skoku v višino: Charles Austin Država: ZDA
Dogodek: zmagovalec v skoku v daljino: Carl Lewis Država: ZDA
Dogodek: zmagovalec trojnih skokov: Kenry Harrison Država: ZDA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec diskusije: Lars Riedel Država: GER
Dogodek: Zmagovalec kladiva: Balazs Kiss Država: HUN
Dogodek: zmagovalec kopja: Jan Zelezny Država: CZE
Dogodek: zmagovalec skoka s palico: Jean Galfione Država: FRA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec strelov: Randy Barnes Država: ZDA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec desetletja: Dan O riBrien Država: Ženska atletika ZDA
Dogodek: 100 m Zmagovalec: Gail Devers Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 200 m Zmagovalec: Marie-Jose Perec Država: FRA
Dogodek: 400 m Zmagovalec: Marie-Jose Perec Država: FRA
Dogodek: 800 m Zmagovalka: Svetlana Masterkova Država: URS
Dogodek: 1500 m Zmagovalka: Svetlana Masterkova Država: URS
Dogodek: 5000 m Zmagovalec: Wang Junxia Država: Kitajska
Dogodek: 10.000 m Zmagovalec: Fernanda Ribeiro Država: POR
Dogodek: 100 m Z ovirami zmagovalka: Ludmila Enquist Država: SWE
Dogodek: 400 m Z ovirami zmagovalec: Deon Hemmings Država: JAM
Dogodek: 400 m štafetni zmagovalec: ZDA
Dogodek: zmagovalec štafete na 1600 m: ZDA
Dogodek: 10 km hoje Zmagovalka: Elena Nikolayeva Država: URS
Dogodek: zmagovalec maratona: Fatuma Roba Država: ETH
Dogodek: Zmagovalka v višini: Stefka Kostadinova Država: GER
Dogodek: zmagovalec v skoku v daljino: Chioma Ajunwa Država: Nigerija
Dogodek: Zmagovalec diskusije: Ilke Wyludda Država: GER
Dogodek: Zmagovalec kopja: Heil Rantanen Država: FIN
Dogodek: Zmagovalec strelov: Astrid Kumbernuss Država: GER

Moško plavanje
Dogodek: 50 m prosto zmagovalec: Aleksandr Popov Država: URS
Dogodek: 100 m prosto zmagovalec: Aleksandr Popov Država: URS
Dogodek: 200 m Zmagovalec Freestlye: Danyon Loader Država: NEZ
Dogodek: 400 m prosto zmagovalec: Danyon Loader Država: NEZ
Dogodek: 1500 m prosto zmagovalka: Kieren Perkins Država: AUS
Dogodek: 100 m hrbtno zmagovalec: Jeff Rouse Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 200 Zmagovalec hrbtno: Brad Bridgewater Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 100 m prsno Zmagovalec: Fred Deburghreave Država: BEL
Dogodek: 200 m prsno Zmagovalec: Norbert Rozsa Država: HUN
Dogodek: 100 m Zmagovalec: Denis Pankratov Država: URS
Dogodek: 200 m Zmagovalec: Denis Pankratov Država: URS
Dogodek: 200 m Posamično Zmagovalec: Attila Czene Država: HUN
Dogodek: 400 m posamezno, mešani zmagovalec: Tom Dolan Država: ZDA
Prireditev: štafeta 400 m prosto zmagovalka: ZDA
Prireditev: štafeta na 800 m prosto: zmagovalka v vaterpolu ZDA: žensko plavanje v SPA
Dogodek: 50 m prosto zmagovalka: Amy Van Dyken Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 100 m prosto zmagovalec: Li Jingyi Država: CHI
Dogodek: 200 m prosto zmagovalka: Claudia Poll Država: COS
Dogodek: 400 m prosto zmagovalka: Michelle Smith Država: GER
Dogodek: 800 m prosto zmagovalka: Brooke Bennett Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 100 m hrbtno zmagovalka: Beth Basford Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 200 m hrbtno zmagovalec: Krisztina Egerszegi Država: HUN
Dogodek: 100 m prsno Zmagovalka: Penny Haynes Država: S. Afrika
Dogodek: 200 m prsno Zmagovalka: Penny Haynes Država: S. Afrika
Dogodek: 100 m Zmagovalka: Amy Van Dyken Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 200 m Zmagovalka: Susan O'Neill Država: AUS
Dogodek: 200 m posamezno, mešana zmagovalka: Michelle Smith Država: IRE
Dogodek: 400 m posamezno, mešana zmagovalka: Michelle Smith Država: IRE
Dogodek: 400 m mešano štafetno zmago: moško potapljanje v ZDA
Dogodek: Skok na desko z zmagovalci: Xiong Ni Država: CHI
Dogodek: Platform Diving Zmagovalec: Dmitri Sautin Država: URS Womens Diving
Dogodek: Potapljanje z odskočno desko Zmagovalec: Fu Minxia Država: CHI
Dogodek: Platform Diving Zmagovalec: Fu Mingxia Država: CHI Boxing
Dogodek: lahki lahek zmagovalec: Daniel Petrov Država: BUL
Dogodek: zmagovalec v težki kategoriji: Istvan Kovacs Država: HUN
Dogodek: Lahka kategorija Zmagovalec: Maikro Romero Država: CUB
Dogodek: Peresnik Zmagovalec: Somluck Kamsing Država: Tajska
Dogodek: Lahki zmagovalec: Hocine Soltani Država: ALG
Dogodek: lahka srednje velika kategorija Zmagovalec: Hector Vinent Država: CUB
Dogodek: zmagovalec v srednji kategoriji: Oleg Saitov Država: URS
Dogodek: Lahka srednja kategorija Zmagovalec: David Reid Država: ZDA
Dogodek: Srednja kategorija Zmagovalec: Ariel Herandez Država: CUB
Dogodek: Lahka kategorija Zmagovalec: Vassili Jirov Država: Kazahstan
Dogodek: zmagovalec v težki kategoriji: Felix Savon Država: CUB
Dogodek: Zmagovalec supertežke kategorije: Vladimir Klitchko Država: Ukrajina Moško lokostrelstvo
Dogodek: 70 m, posamezno, zmagovalec: Justin Huish Država: ZDA
Dogodek: zmagovalec moške ekipe: žensko lokostrelstvo ZDA
Dogodek: 70 m Posamično zmagovalec: Kim Kyung Wook Država: KOR
Dogodek: Ženska ekipa Zmagovalec: KOR Moško kanujenje
Dogodek: zmagovalec slaloma v kajaku: Oliver Fix Država: GER
Dogodek: Kajak na 500 m, posameznik Zmagovalec: Antonio Rossi Država: ITA
Dogodek: kajak na 500 m, zmagovalec dvojic: Kay Bluhm, Torsten Gutsche Država: GER
Dogodek: Kajak na 1000 m, samski zmagovalec: Knut Holmann Država: NOR
Dogodek: Kajak 1000 dvojic Zmagovalec: Antonio Rossi, Sanile Scarpa Država: ITA
Dogodek: Kajak na 1000 m Zmagovalec: GER
Dogodek: zmagovalec posameznih slalomov v kanuju: Michal Marikan Država: SOL
Dogodek: zmagovalec dvojic v slalomu v kanuju: FRA
Dogodek: kanu 500 m, samski zmagovalec: Martin Doktor Država: CHEZ
Dogodek: kanu 500 m, zmagovalec dvojic: Csaba Horvath, Gyorgy Kolonics Država: HUN
Dogodek: kanu 1000 m posamezno, zmagovalec: Martin Doktor Država: CHEZ
Prireditev: kanu 1000 m dvojic zmagovalec: Andreas Dittmer, Gunar Kirchbach dežela: GER žensko kanuing
Dogodek: Zmagovalka kajakaškega slaloma: Stepnka Hilgertova Država: CHEZ
Dogodek: Kajak 500 m posamezno Zmagovalka: Rita Koban Država: HUN
Dogodek: Kajak 500m dvojice Zmagovalka: Agneta Anderson, Susanne Gunnarsson Država: SWE
Dogodek: kajak 500 m zmagovalec četverice: moške dirke GER
Dogodek: Posamezni zmagovalec cestne dirke: Pascal Richard Država: SWI
Dogodek: Zmagovalec sprinta: Jens Fiedler Država: GER
Dogodek: Zmagovalec posameznih točk: Silvio Martinello Država: ITA
Dogodek: 4 km Zmagovalec posamičnega zasledovanja: Andrea Collinelli Država: ITA
Dogodek: zmagovalec ekipnega zasledovanja 4 km: FRA
Dogodek: 1 km Zmagovalec na časovni preizkušnji: Florain Rousseau Država: FRA
Dogodek: Posamezni zmagovalec na časovni preizkušnji: Miguel Indurain Država: SPA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec teka: Bart Jan Brentjens Država: NETH Womens Racing
Dogodek: posamična zmagovalka cestne dirke: Jeannie Longo-Ciprelli Država: FRA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec sprinta: Felicia Ballanger Država: FRA
Dogodek: Zmagovalka posamezne točke: Nathalie Lancien Država: FRA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec posamičnega zasledovanja: Antonella Bellutti Država: ITA
Dogodek: posamična zmagovalka na čas: Zulfiya Zabirova Država: URS
Dogodek: Zmagovalec med okrožji: Bart Jan Brentjens Država: NETH Konjeniški šport
Dogodek: Posamezni tridnevni zmagovalec: Blyth Tait Država: NEZ
Dogodek: Ekipni tridnevni zmagovalec dogodka: AUS
Dogodek: Posamična dresura Zmagovalka: Isabell Werth Država: GER
Dogodek: Ekipni dresurni zmagovalec: GER
Dogodek: posamični zmagovalec: Ulrich Kirchoff Država: GER
Dogodek: Zmagovalec ekipnih skokov: moško mačevanje GER
Dogodek: Posamezni zmagovalec folije: Alessandro Puccini Država: ITA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec ekipne folije: URS
Dogodek: Zmagovalec ekipe Sabre: Stanislas Pozdnyakov Država: URS
Dogodek: Team Epee Zmagovalec: FRA žensko mačevanje
Dogodek: Posamezna zmagovalka folije: Laura Badea Država: ROM
Dogodek: Zmagovalec ekipne folije: ITA
Dogodek: Posamezna zmagovalka: Laura Flessel Država: FRA
Dogodek: Ekipni zmagovalec zmage: moška gimnastika FRA
Dogodek: Talna vadba Zmagovalec: Ioannis Melissanidis Država: GRE
Dogodek: Vodoravna palica Zmagovalec: Andreas Wecker Država: GER
Dogodek: Vzporedne palice Zmagovalec: Rustam Sharipov Država: Ukrajina
Dogodek: Pommeljski konj Zmagovalec: Li Donghua Država: SWI
Dogodek: Zmagovalec prstanov: Yuri Chechi Država: ITA
Dogodek: zmagovalec trezorja: Aleksei Nemov Država: URS
Dogodek: Posamezni vsestranski zmagovalec: Li Xiaoshuang Država: CHI
Dogodek: Zmagovalec ekipe: URS ženska gimnastika
Dogodek: zmagovalec balansne grede: Shannon Miller Država: ZDA
Dogodek: Talna vadba Zmagovalka: Lilla Podkopayevaa Država: Ukrajina
Dogodek: Uneven Bars Zmagovalka: Svetlana Chorkina Država: URS
Dogodek: zmagovalec trezorja: Simona Amanar Država: ROM
Dogodek: posamično, vsestranski zmagovalec: Lilia Podkopayeva Država: Ukrajina
Dogodek: Zmagovalec ekipe: moški judo URS
Dogodek: 132 točk Zmagovalec: Tadahiro Nomura Država: JAP
Dogodek: 143 točk Zmagovalec: Udo Quellmaiz Država: GER
Dogodek: 157 točk Zmagovalec: Kenzo Nakamura Država: JAP
Dogodek: 172 točk Zmagovalec: Djamel Bouras Država: FRA
Dogodek: 190 točk Zmagovalec: Jeon Ki Young Država: KOR
Dogodek: 209 točk Zmagovalec: Pawel Nastula Država: POL
Dogodek: zmagovalec v težki kategoriji: David Douillet Država: Ženski judo FRA
Dogodek: 106 točk Zmagovalec: Kye Sun Hi Država: KOR
Dogodek: 115 točk Zmagovalec: Marie-Claire Restoux Država: FRA
Dogodek: 123 točk Zmagovalec: Driulis Gonzalez Država: CUB
Dogodek: 134 točk Zmagovalec: Yuko Emoto Država: JAP
Dogodek: 146 točk Zmagovalec: Cho Min Sun Država: KOR
Dogodek: 159 točk zmagovalka: Ulla Werbrouck Država: zmagovalec modernega peteroboja BEL: Aleksandr Parygin Država: Kazahstan Moško veslanje
Dogodek: Zmagovalci posameznih zmag: Xeno Muller Država: SWI
Dogodek: Dvojni zmagovalec Zmagovalec: ITA
Dogodek: Lahki dvojni zmag Zmagovalec: SWI
Dogodek: štirikratni zmagovalec zmagovalec: GER
Dogodek: Pari brez krmarjev Zmagovalec: GRB
Dogodek: Zmagovalec četverice brez krmarjenja: AUS
Dogodek: Lahka četverica brez krmarjenja Zmagovalec: DEN
Dogodek: Coxed Eights Zmagovalec: NETH žensko veslanje
Dogodek: Zmagovalka posameznih zmag: Yekaterina Khodotovich Država: Belorusija
Dogodek: Dvojni zmagovalec Zmagovalec: ITA
Dogodek: Lahki dvojni zmag Zmagovalec: SWI
Dogodek: četverica, zmagovalci: GER
Dogodek: Pari brez krmarjenja Zmagovalec: AUS
Dogodek: Coxed Eights Zmagovalec: ROM moško streljanje
Dogodek: Zmagovalec z zračno pištolo: Roberto Di Donna Država: ITA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec pasti: Michael Diamond Država: AUS
Dogodek: Zmagovalec proste pištole: Boris Kokorev Država: URS
Dogodek: Zmagovalec dvojne pasti: Russell Mark Država: AUS
Dogodek: Pištola Rapid Fire Zmagovalec: Ralf Schumann Država: GER
Dogodek: Puška nagnjena Zmagovalec: Christian Klees Država: GER
Dogodek: Tek na tekmi Zmagovalec: Yang Ling Država: CHI
Dogodek: Zmagovalec puške s tremi položaji: Jean-Pierre Amat Država: FRA
Dogodek: Skeet Zmagovalec: Ennio Faico Država: ITA Womens Shooting
Dogodek: Zmagovalka pištole: Olga Klochneva Država: URS
Dogodek: Zmagovalka puške s tremi položaji: Aleksandra Ivosev Država: YUG
Dogodek: Zmagovalec dvojne pasti: Kim Rhode Država: ZDA
Dogodek: Športna pištola Zmagovalec: Li Duihong Država: CHI
Dogodek: Zmagovalka zračne puške: Renata Mauer Država: Zmagovalka moškega nogometa POL: Zmagovalka ženskega nogometa NIG: Moški namizni tenis ZDA
Dogodek: Samski zmagovalec: Liu Guoliang Država: CHI
Dogodek: Zmagovalec dvojic: Kong Linghui, Liu Guoliang Država: CHI ženski namizni tenis
Dogodek: Zmagovalec posameznikov: Deng Yaping Država: CHI
Dogodek: Zmagovalec dvojic: Deng Yaping, Qiao Hong Država: CHI Moški tenis
Dogodek: Samski zmagovalec: Andre Agassi Država: ZDA
Dogodek: zmagovalec dvojic: Todd Woodbridge, Mark Woodforde Država: ženski tenis AUS
Dogodek: Zmagovalec posameznikov: Lindsay Davenport Država: ZDA
Dogodek: Zmagovalec dvojic: Gigi Fernandez & Mary Joe Fernandez Država: ZDA Zmagovalka moške odbojke: NETH Zmagovalka ženskih odbojk: CUB Dvigovanje uteži
Dogodek: 119 točk zmagovalec: Halil Mutlu Država: TUR
Dogodek: 130 točk Zmagovalec: Tang Ningsheng Država: CHI
Dogodek: 141 točk Zmagovalec: Naim Suleymanoglu Država: TUR
Dogodek: 154 točk Zmagovalec: Zhan Xugang Država: CHI
Dogodek: 161 1/2 zmagovalca: Pablo Lara Država: CUB
Dogodek: 183 točk Zmagovalec: Pyrros Dimas Država: GRE
Dogodek: 200 1/2 pds Zmagovalec: Aleksei Petrov Država: URS
Dogodek: 218 točk Zmagovalec: Akakide Kakiashvilis Država: GRE
Dogodek: 238 točk Zmagovalec: Timur Taimazov Država: Ukrajina
Dogodek: Več kot 238 točk Zmagovalec: Andrei Chemerkin Država: URS Wrestling
Dogodek: 105 1/2 pds Zmagovalec: Kim II Država: KOR
Dogodek: 114 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Valentin Jordanov Država: BUL
Dogodek: 125 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Kendall Cross Country: ZDA
Dogodek: 136 Zmagovalec 1/2pds: Tom Brands Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 149 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Vadim Bogiev Država: URS
Dogodek: 163 točk Zmagovalec: Bouvaisa Satiev Država: URS
Dogodek: 180 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Khadzhimurad Magomdeov Država: URS
Dogodek: 198 točk Zmagovalec: Rasul Khadem Država: Iran
Dogodek: 220 točk Zmagovalec: Kurt Angle Država: ZDA
Dogodek: 286 zmagovalcev: zmagovalec: Mahmut Demir Država: TUR Greco Roman Wrestling
Dogodek: 105 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Sim Kwan Ho Država: KOR
Dogodek: 114 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Armen Nazaryan Država: Armenia
Dogodek: 125 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Yuri Melnichenko Država: Kaz
Dogodek: 136 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Wlodzimierz Zwadzki Država: POL
Dogodek: 149 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Ryszard Wolny Država: POL
Dogodek: 163 točk Zmagovalec: Feliberto Ascuy Aguilera Država: CUB
Dogodek: 180 1/2pds Zmagovalec: Hamza Yerlikiya Država: TUR
Dogodek: 198 točk Zmagovalec: Vyacheslav Oleynyk Država: Ukrajina
Dogodek: 220 točk Zmagovalec: Andrzej Wronski Država: POL
Dogodek: 286 točk zmagovalec: Aleksandr Karelin Država: URS Yachting
Dogodek: Laser Zmagovalec: Robert Scheidt Država: Brazilija
Dogodek: Soling Zmagovalec: GER
Dogodek: Zmagovalec zvezd: Brazilija
Dogodek: Zmagovalec Tornada: Španija
Dogodek: Finn Zmagovalec: Mateusz Kusznierewicz Država: POL
Dogodek: Mistral Zmagovalec: Nikolaos Kaklamanakis Država: GRE


Dogodek Zlato Srebrna Bronasta
Moški
podrobnosti
Združene države (ZDA)
Charles Barkley
Penny Hardaway
Grant Hill
Hakeem Olajuwon
Karl Malone
Reggie Miller
Shaquille O'Neal
Gary Payton
Scottie Pippen
Mitch Richmond
David Robinson
John Stockton
Jugoslavija (YUG)
Dejan Tomašević
Miroslav Berić
Dejan Bodiroga
Željko Rebrača
Predrag Danilović
Vlade Divac
Aleksandar Đorđević
Saša Obradović
Žarko Paspalj
Zoran Savić
Nikola Lončar
Milenko Topić
Litva (LTU)
Arvydas Sabonis
Rimas Kurtinaitis
Darius Lukminas
Saulius Štombergas
Eurelijus Žukauskas
Šarūnas Marčiulionis
Mindaugas Žukauskas
Gintaras Einikis
Andrius Jurkūnas
Artūras Karnišovas
Rytis Vaišvila
Tomas Pačėsas
Ženske
podrobnosti
Združene države (ZDA)
Teresa Edwards
Dawn Staley
Ruthie Bolton
Sheryl Swoopes
Jennifer Azzi
Lisa Leslie
Carla McGhee
Katy Steding
Katrina Felicia McClain
Rebecca Lobo
Čipkana Venera
Nikki McCray
Brazilija (BRA)
Hortência Marcari Oliva
Marija Angélica
Adriana Aparecida Santos
Leila Sobral
Maria Paula Silva
Janeth Arcain
Roseli Gustavo
Marta Sobral
Silvinha
Alessandra Santos de Oliveira
Cintia Santos
Claudia Maria Pastor
Avstralija (AUS)
Robyn Maher
Allison Cook
Sandy Brondello
Michele Timms
Shelley Sandie
Trisha Fallon
Michelle Chandler
Fiona Robinson
Carla Boyd
Jenny Whittle
Rachael Sporn
Michelle Brogan

Z ameriško moško ekipo, ki je osvojila zlato medaljo, bi Scottie Pippen postal prva oseba, ki je v istem letu dvakrat osvojila naslov prvaka NBA in zlato olimpijsko medaljo, potem ko je v finalu lige NBA igrala za Chicago Bulls. [1] Pred tem je leta 1992 igral z Biki za "Dream Team" na olimpijskih igrah v Barceloni.

NOC lahko sodeluje do ene moške ekipe z 12 igralci in do ene ženske ekipe z 12 igralci. Veljavni svetovni prvaki in država gostiteljica se samodejno uvrstijo, prav tako zmagovalci petih kontinentalnih prvenstev ter podprvak in tretje mesto iz Amerike, podprvak iz Azije in drugo do četrto mesto na turnirju v Evropi. Na ženskem turnirju so dodatne ekipe poleg drugega in tretjega mesta iz Azije in Evrope sestavljale podprvakinje iz Amerike.


Atlanta, 1996

Nigerija se je v zgodovino olimpijskega nogometa zapisala tako, da je postala prva afriška in neevropska ter južnoameriška ekipa, ki je osvojila zlato medaljo. Medtem ko je nogometni turnir ostal predvsem tekmovanje mlajših od 23 let, je lahko vsaka od 16 tekmovalnih držav v kompromisu med FIFA in Mednarodnim olimpijskim komitejem uporabila kar tri presežne igralce.

Nigerijci, za katere so številni opazovalci predvidevali, da bodo prva afriška ekipa, ki bo zmagala na svetovnem prvenstvu, so v zadnjem desetletju pokazali toliko obljub in pričakovanj. Zmagali so na svetovnem turnirju do 16 let leta 1985 in leta 1987. zasedli drugo mesto. Na svetovnem mladinskem prvenstvu 1985 in 1989 so bili tretji oziroma drugi. Vendar nikoli ne bi mogli prebiti zadnje ovire na višjih ravneh.

Nigerija, ki jo vodi Nizozemec Johannes Bonfrere, je pot do finala začela z zmago nad Madžarsko z 1: 0 in Japonsko z 2: 0, preden je prvi krog zaključila z izgubo proti Braziliji z 1: 0. Afričani so nato v četrtfinalu zaprli Mehiko in vratarja Jorgeja Camposa z 2: 0, da bi postavili par neverjetnih tekem.
Nigeria se je v polfinalu izgubila proti favorizirani brazilski strani, ki se je s 3: 1 pohvalila z Bebetom, Ronaldom in Rivaldom, Nigerija se je končno prebudila, ko je z 20 metrov zadel Victor Ikpeba. Ker se je čas iztekel, je v ospredje prišel kapetan Nwankwo Kanu, ki je v zadnji minuti zadel v gol za izenačenje. Ker je imel podaljšek komaj tri minute, je Kanu izstrelil zmagovalca tekme s 16 metrov, da bi dokončal eno od velikih vrnitev v mednarodno nogometno zgodovino in po mnenju številnih opazovalcev največjo olimpijsko tekmo doslej.

Kot da bi poskušali doseči vrh, so Nigerijci nato na tekmi za zlato medaljo pred 86.117 gledalci na stadionu Sanford v Atenah v Gruziji uprizorili še en čudežen povratek proti Argentini.

Argentinci so imeli prednost 2: 1 pri zadetkih Claudija Lopeza (tretja minuta) in Hernana Crespoja (najboljši šesti gol na turnirju pri enajstmetrovki v 50. minuti), preden so Nigerijci izenačili na strel Daniela Amokachija v 74. minuti. S preostalo minuto je Emmanuel Amunike potegnil nekaj junaštva 11. ure, ko je izkoristil zgrešeno ofsajd past in premagal vratarja Pabla Cavallera iz strela za zmagoviti gol v zmagi s 3: 2. "Zagotavljam vam, da v tem trenutku, ko se pogovarjam z vami, vsi v Afriki praznujejo," je dejala napredna igralka Sunday Oliseh. "Nocoj ni spanja. Vsi bodo veseli. To velja za vse afriške države."

Poleg Nigerije je to tekmovanje prineslo številna presenečenja. Italija, ki jo vodi Cesare Maldini, je po katastrofalnem prvem krogu izpadla s turnirja. Ti rezultati in razočarani nastopi so Maldinija na koncu stali službe.

Neobvladljiva Japonska je v prvem krogu osupnila Brazilijo z 1: 0. V nekaj minutah po remiju z Mehiko z 1: 1 je Gana doživela agonijo in ektazijo. Z mrzlih obrazov so zapustili igrišče in mislili, da se niso uspeli uvrstiti v četrtfinale. Toda njihovi obrazi so se nasmehnili, ko jim je mehiški trener Bora Milutinović povedal, da jim je uspelo.

Brazilija, ki je osvojila štiri krone za svetovni pokal, a nikoli olimpijskega zlata, se je morala prisiliti v bronasto medaljo. Južnoameričani so, podkrepljeni s tremi zadetki Bebeta, na tekmi za tretje mesto dosegli zmago nad Portugalcem s 5: 0.

Le dve leti po uspešnem svetovnem prvenstvu se je olimpijski nogometni turnir v ZDA izkazal za priljubljenega, tako kot med poletnimi igrami leta 1984. Skupaj 1.324.142 udeležencev je bilo na 32 tekmah, večina tekem je bila združenih z dvema glavoma s prvim olimpijskim turnirjem za ženske.


Varnostnik heroja je bil napačno obtožen, ko je osumljenec bombardiranja umrl

Richard Jewell, junak varnostnika, ki je postal osumljenec olimpijskega bombardiranja, umre pri 44 letih zaradi naravnih vzrokov v svojem domu v Gruziji.

27. julija 1996 je med poletnimi igrami v Atlanti v nabito polnem olimpijskem parku Centennial eksplodirala cevna bomba z žeblji, ki je ubila eno žensko in poškodovala 111 drugih ljudi. Malo pred eksplozijo je Richard Jewell, ki je delal kot začasni varnostnik na tem območju, pod klopjo v parku odkril nahrbtnik sumljivega videza. Jewell je policijo opozoril na nahrbtnik, v katerem je bila bomba, in ljudi odstranil pred škodo, še preden je eksplodiral. Po bombnem napadu je bil Jewell za svoja dejanja pohvaljen kot junak. Toda tri dni kasneje so mediji poročali, da Jewella preiskujejo kot osumljenca v zadevi. Čeprav nikoli ni bil aretiran ali obtožen kakršnega koli kaznivega dejanja, se je Jewell v naslednjih treh mesecih soočal s strogim pregledom tako organov pregona kot medijev, ki so prečesavali njegovo ozadje in spremljali njegovo gibanje. Tudi potem, ko je pravosodno ministrstvo konec oktobra 1996 Jewella uradno odstranilo Jewella iz kakršne koli vpletenosti v bombni napad, so ga nekateri še vedno gledali sumljivo.

Jewell je pozneje vložil tožbe zaradi obrekovanja več večjih medijskih podjetij in med drugim dosegel poravnave s CNN in NBC. Pred smrtjo 29. avgusta 2007 je Jewell, ki je imel sladkorno bolezen in druge zdravstvene težave, delal kot šerifov namestnik v Gruziji. Leta 2006, med 10-letno obletnico olimpijskih iger v Atlanti, je guverner Georgie Sonny Perdue javno pohvalil Jewella za reševanje življenj v Centennial Parku.

Maja 2003 je policija v Severni Karolini ujela Erica Rudolpha, resnično osebo, odgovorno za olimpijsko bombardiranje, pa tudi za bombardiranje več klinik za splav in gejevskega bara. Rudolph, ki se je dolga leta izmikal organom pregona, saj je živel v apalaški divjini, je na koncu priznal krivdo za svoja dejanja in bil obsojen na dosmrtno ječo.


Carl Lewis je pri 35. zmagal četrti zaporedni skok v daljino

29. julija 1996 je legenda atletike Carl Lewis osvojil četrto zaporedno olimpijsko zlato medaljo v skoku v daljino. To je bilo deveto in zadnje olimpijsko zlato v njegovi zgodovinski karieri.

Frederick Carlton Lewis se je rodil 11. julija 1961 v Birminghamu v Alabami in odraščal v skupnosti srednjega razreda v New Jerseyju. Kot najstnik je Lewis spoznal olimpijskega prvaka Jesseja Owensa, ki je postal njegov junak. Sodeloval je na tekmi, vendar je bil premajhen vse do srednje šole, ko so mu zrasle dolge noge, ki pomagajo šprinterju, da pokrije tla, in doživel velik skok rasti, ki ga je prisilil, da je tri mesece hodil s berglami, medtem ko je fino nastavil svojo hojo. Ko je bil Lewis popolnoma razvit pri višini 6 čevljev 2 palca, je s skokom v daljino s preskokom 26 čevljev in 8 palcev postavil državni rekord v srednji šoli.

Po izstopajoči karieri na Univerzi v Houstonu je Lewis zmagal na 100 metrov, 200 metrov in skoku v daljino na državnem prvenstvu leta 1983 ter se vpisal na olimpijske igre leta 1984 v Los Angelesu kot najboljši šprinter na svetu. Tam je dosegel cilj štirih zlatih medalj, zmagal je v skoku v daljino, 100 metrov, 200 metrov in zasidral zmagovito ekipo ZDA v štafeti 4 x 100 metrov.

Z zmago v Atlanti je Lewis postal prvi olimpijec po tem, ko je ameriški metalec diska Al Oerter štirikrat zmagal na istem dogodku. Njegova kariera velja za eno največjih v zgodovini atletike.


Richard Jewell sprva označen kot osumljenec

Ena od tragedij bombnega napada v Atlanti je, da je varnostnik Richard Jewell, ki je odkril Rudolphovo bombo in rešil življenja z začetkom evakuacije, v prvih treh mesecih po bombnem napadu postal glavni osumljenec. Lažna teorija, da je Jewell bombo postavil, da bi bil videti kot junak, je naredila bombni napad kot osamljen incident in ne kot enega v nizu terorističnih napadov.

Pravi bombnik je postal osumljen šele leta 1998. Januarja istega leta je bila študentka predmedicinske medicine Jermaine Hughes priča bombardiranju Rudolpha v bolnišnici za splav v Birminghamu in opazila, da so ljudje, ko so tekli proti kraju, pomagali. je bil en človek —Rudolph —, ki je odhajal. Hughes in odvetnik po imenu Jeff Tickal sta sledila Rudolphu in pomagala pri identifikaciji njegovega videza in registrske tablice.


Različni vidiki istega mesta

Projekt gostovanja olimpijskih iger ima velik vpliv na mestne skupnosti, ne glede na mesto ali narod. Zaradi kratkega časovnega okvira, priliva sredstev in dolgega seznama zahtev in zavez pri pripravi se načrtovanje redno odvija od zgoraj navzdol. Kljub tej vedno prisotni strukturi moči so zgodbe vsakdanjih državljanov vpletene v kroniko Atlante kot mesta gostiteljice. Biti aktivni državljan je lahko v različnih oblikah, vključno z nestrinjanjem z lokalno politiko ali vodenjem in z nami.

Za nekatere je bila zagotovitev olimpijskih iger priložnost za spremembo obraza Atlante na bolje. Kljub temu so prebivalci po vsem mestu, ki se niso strinjali z načrti ali postopkom, izrazili svoje nestrinjanje.

Premiki za spremembe so pogosto zgrajeni od začetka in se zanašajo na posameznike, ki spregovorijo. Kaj se lahko naučimo iz zgodb o nesoglasju? Kako jih lahko še danes slišimo?

Več o družbenem aktivizmu okoli iger v Atlanta ’96: Oblikovanje olimpijskega in paraolimpijskega mesta. Naša nova razstava podpisuje nove zgodbe in širi spomine na igre, postavlja olimpijsko in paraolimpijsko zgodovino Atlante v kontekst mesta samega. Razstava, vzeta iz značilnih zbirk zgodovinskega centra Atlanta, ustvarja obiskovalčevo izkušnjo, ki združuje ikonične in nepričakovane predmete, arhivsko gradivo ter mirujoče in gibljive slike skupaj s posebej razvitimi interaktivnimi izkušnjami brez dotika. Razstava vabi obiskovalce, da pregledajo ljudi, dogodke in odločitve iz novejše zgodovine, ki so oblikovali Atlanto, ki jo poznamo danes.


Vsebina

Atlanta je bila izbrana 18. septembra 1990 v Tokiu na Japonskem, pred Atenami, Beogradom, Manchesterom, Melbournom in Torontom na 96. zasedanju MOK. Mesto se je na tekmovanje prijavilo kot temen konj, saj se je spopadlo z ostro konkurenco. [5] Ameriški mediji so ga kritizirali tudi kot mesto druge stopnje in se pritoževali nad zgodovino gruzijske konfederacije. Ocenjevalna komisija MOK pa je infrastrukturo in zmogljivosti Atlante ocenila kot najvišjo, medtem ko so člani MOK dejali, da bi lahko zagotovila velike televizijske prihodke, podobne uspehu poletnih olimpijskih iger leta 1984 v Los Angelesu. [6] Poleg tega je nekdanji ameriški veleposlanik pri ZN in župan Atlante Andrew Jackson Young razpravljal o zgodovini državljanskih pravic Atlante in o slogu rasne harmonije. Young je želel predstaviti tudi preoblikovani ameriški jug. Močno gospodarstvo Atlante in izboljšani rasni odnosi na jugu so pomagali navdušiti uradnike MOK. [7] Odbor za olimpijske igre v Atlanti (ACOG) je predlagal tudi znatno delitev prihodkov z MOK, USOC in drugimi NOC. [7] Glavna tekmeca v Atlanti sta bila Toronto, katerega predvolilna ponudba, ki se je začela leta 1986, je imela po uspehu po uspešnih zimskih olimpijskih igrah leta 1988 v Calgaryju, in Melbourne v Avstraliji, ki je gostil poletne olimpijske igre leta 1956 in po avstralskem Brisbaneu. neuspešna ponudba za igre leta 1992 (ki jih je prejela Barcelona) in pred Sydneyjem, uspešno ponudbo poletnih olimpijskih iger leta 2000 v Avstraliji. To bi bil četrti neuspeli poskus Toronta od leta 1960 (poskusen v letih 1960, 1964 in 1976, a premagan od Rima, Tokia in Montreala). [8]

Grčija, dom starih in prvih sodobnih olimpijskih iger, je po mnenju mnogih opazovalcev "naravna izbira" za stoletne igre. [6] [7] Vendar je predsednik ponudb v Atenah Spyros Metaxa zahteval, da se imenuje kot mesto olimpijskih iger zaradi "zgodovinske pravice zaradi svoje zgodovine", kar je morda povzročilo zamere med delegati. Poleg tega je bila ponudba v Atenah opisana kot "arogantna in slabo pripravljena", saj se ji zdi, da "ni kos nalogi, da bi se spopadla s sodobno in tvegano ekstravaganco" sedanjih iger. Atene so se soočale s številnimi ovirami, vključno s "politično nestabilnostjo, morebitnimi varnostnimi težavami, onesnaženostjo zraka, prometnimi zastoji in dejstvom, da bi morale za izboljšanje infrastrukture letališč, cest, železniških prog in drugih dobrin porabiti približno 3 milijarde ameriških dolarjev". [6] [9] [10] Atene so leta 1990 izgubile svojo ponudbo, da bi gostile igre v Atlanti, kasneje pa so bile septembra 1997 nagrajene na poletnih olimpijskih igrah 2004.

Rezultati ponudb za poletne olimpijske igre 1996 [11]
Mesto Ime NOC 1. krog 2. krog 3. krog 4. krog 5. krog
Atlanta Združene države 19 20 26 34 51
Atene Grčija 23 23 26 30 35
Toronto Kanada 14 17 18 22
Melbourne Avstralija 12 21 16
Manchester Velika Britanija 11 5
Beograd SFR Jugoslavija [12] 7

Urejanje proračuna

Skupni stroški poletnih olimpijskih iger 1996 so bili ocenjeni na 1,7 milijarde ameriških dolarjev. [13] Prizorišča in igre so bile v celoti financirane z zasebnimi naložbami [14], edino javno financiranje pa je prišlo od vlade ZDA za varnost in okoli 500 milijonov dolarjev javnega denarja, porabljenega za fizično javno infrastrukturo, vključno z urejanjem ulic, izboljšavami cest, Centennial Olympic Park (poleg 75 milijonov dolarjev zasebnega financiranja), širitev letališča, izboljšave javnega prevoza in prenova javnih stanovanjskih projektov. [15] Prodanih je bilo vstopnic v vrednosti 420 milijonov dolarjev, prodaja sponzorskih pravic je znašala 540 milijonov dolarjev, prodaja domačih televizijskih pravic NBC pa 456 milijonov dolarjev. Skupno so igre prinesle 19 milijonov dolarjev dobička. [16] [13]

Stroški za Atlanto 1996 so primerljivi s stroški 4,6 milijarde dolarjev za Rio 2016, 40–44 milijard dolarjev za Peking 2008 in 51 milijard dolarjev za Soči 2014 (najdražje olimpijske igre v zgodovini). Povprečni stroški poletnih iger od leta 1960 so 5,2 milijarde dolarjev. Za razliko od Atlante 1996 sta Peking in Soči financirala predvsem njuni vladi. [17]

Kraj in infrastruktura Urejanje

Dogodki iger leta 1996 so potekali na različnih področjih. Številne so bile v olimpijskem obroču, 4 milje oddaljenem krogu od središča Atlante. Drugi so bili zadržani na Stone Mountainu, približno 20 milj (32 km) izven mesta. Za razširitev prodaje vstopnic so v različnih mestih na jugovzhodu uprizorili druge dogodke, na primer zvezo (nogomet). [18] [19]

    - Boks - Baseball - Otvoritvene/zaključne slovesnosti, Atletika (Jonesboro, Georgia) - Odbojka na mivki - Košarka - Košarka (finale), Gimnastika (umetniška), Rokomet (finale za moške) (Conyers, Georgia) - Kolesarjenje (gorsko), Konjeništvo, Sodobni pentathlon (jahanje, tek) - badminton - potapljanje, moderno pentathlon (plavanje), plavanje, sinhrono plavanje, vaterpolo - ograje, rokomet, judo, sodobni peteroboj (mečevanje, streljanje), namizni tenis, dviganje uteži, rokoborba (Columbus, Georgia ) - softball - hokej na travi (finale) (Gainesville, Georgia) - kanu (sprint), veslanje (Birmingham, Alabama) - nogomet (Miami, Florida) - nogomet - odbojka (finale v dvorani) (okrožje Polk, Tennessee) - kanu ( slalom) - hokej na travi (Washington, DC) - Nogomet (Stone Mountain, Georgia) - Tenis (Stone Mountain, Georgia) - Lokostrelstvo (Stone Mountain, Georgia) - Kolesarjenje (proga) (Atene, Georgia) na Univerzi v Gruziji - Nogomet (končni) (Atene, Gruzija) na Univerzi v Gruziji - gimnastika (rh thmic), Odbojka (v zaprtih prostorih) (Savannah, Georgia) - Jadranje - Streljanje

Marketing Edit

Uradno temo olimpijade "Prikliči junake" je napisal John Williams, s čimer je postala tretja olimpiada na tisti točki, za katero je komponiral (uradni skladatelj 1984, skladatelj za NBC 1988). Na otvoritveni slovesnosti je nastopila Céline Dion, ki je zapela "The Power of the Dream", uradno tematsko pesem olimpijskih iger 1996. Maskota olimpijske igre je bil abstraktni, animirani lik po imenu Izzy. V nasprotju s tradicijo maskote državnega ali regionalnega pomena v mestu, ki je gostilo olimpijsko igro, je bila Izzy amorfna, domišljijska osebnost. Olimpijski slogan Atlante "Pridite proslaviti naše sanje" je napisal Jack Arogeti, takratni direktor podjetja McCann-Erickson v Atlanti. Slogan je bil izbran med več kot 5000 [20], ki jih je javnost predložila Atlanta Convention and Visitors Bureau. Billy Payne je opozoril, da je Jack "ujel duha in našo pravo motivacijo za olimpijske igre." [21]

The city of Savannah, Georgia (host of the yachting events) held its own local festivities, including a local cauldron lighting event on the first day of the Games (headlined by a performance by country musician Trisha Yearwood). [22]

The syndicated game show Kolo sreče taped three weeks of Olympics-themed episodes from the Fox Theater in Atlanta for broadcast in April, May and July 1996, which included prizes from the Games' official sponsors. [23] [24] A video game featuring the Games' mascot, Izzy's Quest for the Olympic Rings, was also released. [25]

In 1994, African-American artist Kevin Cole was commissioned to create the Coca-Cola Centennial Olympic Mural, and the 15-story mural took two years to complete. [26]

All times are in Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4) the other, Birmingham, Alabama uses Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Opening ceremony Event competitions Event finals Closing ceremony
1996 Summer Olympics Calendar of Events
Datum Julija Avgusta
19
Fri
20.
Sat
21.
Sonce
22
Mon
23.
Tue
24.
Wed
25.
Thu
26.
Fri
27.
Sat
28
Sonce
29
Mon
30.
Tue
31
Wed
1.
Thu
2.
Fri
3.
Sat
4.
Sonce
Archery ● ●
Atletika ● ● ● ●
● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
Badminton ● ●
● ●
Baseball
Košarka
Boxing ● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
Canoeing ● ● ● ● ● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ●
Kolesarjenje ● ● ● ●
● ●
● ● ● ●
Diving
Jahanje
Mačevanje ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●
Field hockey
Nogomet
Gimnastika ● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
Handball
Judo ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●
Modern pentathlon
Veslanje ● ● ●
● ● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ● ●
Jadranje
● ●
● ● ● ●
Shooting ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●
Softball
Plavanje ● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
Synchronized swimming
Table tennis
Tenis ● ● ● ●
Odbojka
Water polo
Weightlifting
Rokoborba ● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
● ●
● ● ●
Total gold medals 10 17 12 17 14 13 13 20 28 19 7 18 14 21 30 18
Slovesnosti
Datum 19
Fri
20.
Sat
21.
Sonce
22
Mon
23.
Tue
24.
Wed
25.
Thu
26.
Fri
27.
Sat
28
Sonce
29
Mon
30.
Tue
31
Wed
1.
Thu
2.
Fri
3.
Sat
4.
Sonce
Julija Avgusta

Opening ceremony Edit

The ceremony began with a 60-second countdown, which included footage from all of the previous Olympic Games at twenty-two seconds. There was then a flashback to the closing ceremony of the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, showing the then president of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, inviting the athletes to compete in Atlanta in 1996. Then, spirits ascended in the northwest corner of the stadium, each representing one of the colors in the Olympic rings. The spirits called the tribes of the world which, after mixed percussion, formed the Olympic rings while the youth of Atlanta formed the number 100. Famed film score composer John Williams wrote the official overture for the 1996 Olympics, called "Summon the Heroes" this was his second overture for Olympic games, the first being "Olympic Fanfare and Theme" written for the 1984 Summer Olympics. Céline Dion performed David Foster's official 1996 Olympics song "The Power of the Dream", accompanied by Foster on the piano, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and the Centennial Choir (comprising Morehouse College Glee Club, Spelman College Glee Club and the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra Chorus). Gladys Knight sang Georgia's official state song "Georgia on My Mind"

There was a showcase entitled "Welcome To The World", featuring cheerleaders, Chevrolet pick-up trucks, marching bands, and steppers, which highlighted the American youth and a typical Saturday college football game in the South, including the wave commonly produced by spectators in sporting events around the world. There was another showcase entitled "Summertime" which focused on Atlanta and the Old South, emphasizing its beauty, spirit, music, history, culture, and rebirth after the American Civil War. The ceremony also featured a memorable dance tribute to the athletes and to the goddesses of victory of the ancient Greek Olympics, using silhouette imagery. The accompanying music, "The Tradition of the Games", was composed by Basil Poledouris. [27]

Muhammad Ali lit the Olympic cauldron and later received a replacement gold medal for his boxing victory in the 1960 Summer Olympics. For the torch ceremony, more than 10,000 Olympic torches were manufactured by the American Meter Company and electroplated by Erie Plating Company. Each torch weighed about 3.5 pounds (1.6 kg) and was made primarily of aluminum, with a Georgia pecan wood handle and gold ornamentation. [28] [29]

Closing ceremony Edit

Šport Edit

The 1996 Summer Olympic programme featured 271 events in 26 sports. Softball, beach volleyball and mountain biking debuted on the Olympic program, together with women's football, lightweight rowing, women's fencing, and a team rhythmic gymnastics event.

  • Canoeing
    • Sprint (12)
    • Slalom (4)
    • Cesta (4)
    • Track (8)
    • Mountain biking (2)
    • Dressage (2)
    • Eventing (2)
    • Show jumping (2)
    • Shooting(15)
    • Softball(1)
    • Table tennis(4)
    • Tenis(4)
    • Odbojka
      • Odbojka (2)
      • Beach volleyball (2)
      • Freestyle (10)
      • Greco-Roman (10)

      In women's gymnastics, Ukrainian Lilia Podkopayeva became the all-around Olympic champion. Podkopayeva also won a second gold medal in the floor exercise final and a silver on the beam – becoming the only female gymnast since Nadia Comăneci to win an individual event gold after winning the all-around title in the same Olympics. Kerri Strug of the United States women's gymnastics team vaulted with an injured ankle and landed on one foot, winning the first women's team gold medal for the US. Shannon Miller won the gold medal on the balance beam event, the first time an American gymnast had won an individual gold medal in non-boycotted Olympic games. The Spanish team won the first gold medal in the new competition of women's rhythmic group all-around. The team was formed by Estela Giménez, Marta Baldó, Nuria Cabanillas, Lorena Guréndez, Estíbaliz Martínez and Tania Lamarca.

      Amy Van Dyken won four gold medals in the Olympic swimming pool, the first American woman to win four titles in a single Olympiad. Penny Heyns, swimmer of South Africa, won the gold medals in both the 100 metres and 200 metres breaststroke events. Michelle Smith of Ireland won three gold medals and a bronze in swimming. She remains her nation's most decorated Olympian. However, her victories were overshadowed by doping allegations even though she did not test positive in 1996. She received a four-year suspension in 1998 for tampering with a urine sample, though her medals and records were allowed to stand.

      In track and field, Donovan Bailey of Canada won the men's 100 m, setting a new world record of 9.84 seconds at that time. He also anchored his team's gold in the 4 × 100 m relay. Michael Johnson won gold in both the 200 m and 400 m, setting a new world record of 19.32 seconds in the 200 m. Marie-José Pérec equaled Johnson's performance, although without a world record, by winning the rare 200 m/400 m double. Carl Lewis won his 4th long jump gold medal at the age of 35.

      In tennis, Andre Agassi won the gold medal, which would eventually make him the first man and second singles player overall (after his eventual wife, Steffi Graf) to win the career Golden Slam, which consists of an Olympic gold medal and victories in the singles tournaments held at professional tennis' four major events (Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon, and US Open).

      There were a series of national firsts realized during the Games. Deon Hemmings became the first woman to win an Olympic gold medal for Jamaica and the English-speaking West Indies. Lee Lai Shan won a gold medal in sailing, the only Olympic medal that Hong Kong ever won as a British colony (1842–1997). This meant that for the only time, the colonial flag of Hong Kong was raised to the accompaniment of the British national anthem "God Save the Queen", as Hong Kong's sovereignty was later transferred to China in 1997. The US women's soccer team won the gold medal in the first-ever women's football event. For the first time, Olympic medals were won by athletes from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Burundi, Ecuador, Georgia, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Mozambique, Slovakia, Tonga, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. Another first in Atlanta was that this was the first Summer Olympics ever that not a single nation swept all three medals in a single event.

      Medal count Edit

      These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1996 Games.

      UvrstitevNacijaZlatoSrebrnaBronastaSkupaj
      1 United States*443225101
      2 Rusija26211663
      3 Nemčija20182765
      4 Kitajska16221250
      5 Francija1571537
      6 Italija13101235
      7 Avstralija992341
      8 Kuba98825
      9 Ukraine921223
      10 Južna Koreja715527
      Totals (10 nations)168144155467

      A total of 197 nations, all of the then-existing and recognized National Olympic Committees, were represented at the 1996 Games, and the combined total of athletes was about 10,318. [30] Twenty-four countries made their Olympic debut this year, including eleven of the ex-Soviet countries that competed as part of the Unified Team in 1992. Russia participated in the Summer Olympics separately from the other countries of the former Soviet Union for the first time since 1912 (when it was the Russian Empire). Russia had been a member of the Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics together with 11 post-Soviet states. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia competed as Jugoslavija.

      The 14 countries making their Olympic debut were: Azerbaijan, Burundi, Cape Verde, Comoros, Dominica, Guinea-Bissau, Macedonia, Nauru, Palestinian Authority, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. The ten countries making their Summer Olympic debut (after competing at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer) were: Armenia, Belarus, Czech Republic, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Slovakia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The Czech Republic and Slovakia attended the games as independent nations for the first time since the breakup of Czechoslovakia, while the rest of the nations that made their Summer Olympic debut were formerly part of the Soviet Union.

      • Afghanistan (1 athlete)
      • Albania (7)
      • Algeria (45)
      • American Samoa (7)
      • Andorra (8)
      • Angola (28)
      • Antigua and Barbuda (13)
      • Argentina (178)
      • Armenia (32)
      • Aruba (3)
      • Australia (424)
      • Austria (72)
      • Azerbaijan (23)
      • Bahamas (26)
      • Bahrain (5)
      • Bangladesh (4)
      • Barbados (13)
      • Belarus (157)
      • Belgium (61)
      • Belize (5)
      • Benin (5)
      • Bermuda (9)
      • Bhutan (2)
      • Bolivia (8)
      • Bosnia and Herzegovina (9)
      • Botswana (7)
      • Brazil (225)
      • British Virgin Islands (7)
      • Brunei (1)
      • Bulgaria (110)
      • Burkina Faso (5)
      • Burundi (7)
      • Cambodia (5)
      • Cameroon (15)
      • Canada (303)
      • Cape Verde (4)
      • Cayman Islands (9)
      • Central African Republic (5)
      • Chad (4)
      • Chile (21)
      • China (294)
      • Colombia (48)
      • Comoros (4)
      • Republic of the Congo (5)
      • Cook Islands (3)
      • Costa Rica (11)
      • Croatia (84)
      • Cuba (164)
      • Cyprus (17)
      • Czech Republic (115)
      • Denmark (119)
      • Djibouti (5)
      • Dominica (6)
      • Dominican Republic (16)
      • Ecuador (19)
      • Egypt (29)
      • El Salvador (7)
      • Equatorial Guinea (5)
      • Estonia (43)
      • Ethiopia (18)
      • Fiji (17)
      • Finland (76)
      • France (299)
      • Gabon (7)
      • The Gambia (9)
      • Georgia (34)
      • Germany (465)
      • Ghana (35)
      • Great Britain (300)
      • Greece (121)
      • Grenada (5)
      • Guam (8)
      • Guatemala (26)
      • Guinea (5)
      • Guinea-Bissau (3)
      • Guyana (7)
      • Haiti (7)
      • Honduras (7)
      • Hong Kong (23)
      • Hungary (214)
      • Iceland (9)
      • India (49)
      • Indonesia (40)
      • Iran (18)
      • Iraq (3)
      • Ireland (78)
      • Israel (25)
      • Italy (346)
      • Ivory Coast (11)
      • Jamaica (45)
      • Japan (306)
      • Jordan (5)
      • Kazakhstan (96)
      • Kenya (52)
      • North Korea (24)
      • South Korea (300)
      • Kuwait (25)
      • Kyrgyzstan (33)
      • Laos (5)
      • Latvia (48)
      • Lebanon (1)
      • Lesotho (9)
      • Liberia (5)
      • Libya (5)
      • Liechtenstein (2)
      • Lithuania (61)
      • Luxembourg (6)
      • Macedonia (11)
      • Madagascar (11)
      • Malawi (2)
      • Malaysia (35)
      • Maldives (6)
      • Mali (3)
      • Malta (7)
      • Mauritania (4)
      • Mauritius (26)
      • Mexico (97)
      • Moldova (40)
      • Monaco (3)
      • Mongolia (16)
      • Morocco (34)
      • Mozambique (3)
      • Myanmar (3)
      • Namibia (8)
      • Nauru (3)
      • Nepal (6)
      • Netherlands (235)
      • Netherlands Antilles (6)
      • New Zealand (97)
      • Nicaragua (26)
      • Niger (3)
      • Nigeria (65)
      • Norway (98)
      • Oman (4)
      • Pakistan (24)
      • Palestine (2)
      • Panama (7)
      • Papua New Guinea (11)
      • Paraguay (7)
      • Peru (29)
      • Philippines (12)
      • Poland (165)
      • Portugal (106)
      • Puerto Rico (69)
      • Qatar (12)
      • Romania (165)
      • Russia (390)
      • Rwanda (4)
      • Saint Kitts and Nevis (10)
      • Saint Lucia (6)
      • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (8)
      • San Marino (1)
      • São Tomé and Príncipe (2)
      • Saudi Arabia (29)
      • Senegal (11)
      • Seychelles (9)
      • Sierra Leone (14)
      • Singapore (14)
      • Slovakia (71)
      • Slovenia (37)
      • Solomon Islands (1)
      • Somalia (4)
      • South Africa (84)
      • Spain (294)
      • Sri Lanka (9)
      • Sudan (4)
      • Suriname (7)
      • Swaziland (6)
      • Sweden (177)
      • Switzerland (114)
      • Syria (7)
      • Chinese Taipei (74)
      • Tajikistan (8)
      • Tanzania (7)
      • Thailand (37)
      • Togo (5)
      • Tonga (5)
      • Trinidad and Tobago (12)
      • Tunisia (51)
      • Turkey (53)
      • Turkmenistan (7)
      • Uganda (10)
      • Ukraine (231)
      • United Arab Emirates (4)
      • United States (646) (host)
      • Uruguay (14)
      • Uzbekistan (71)
      • Vanuatu (4)
      • Venezuela (39)
      • Vietnam (6)
      • Virgin Islands (12)
      • Western Samoa (5)
      • Yemen (4)
      • Yugoslavia (68)
      • Zaire (14)
      • Zambia (8)
      • Zimbabwe (13)

      The 1996 Olympics were marred by the Centennial Olympic Park bombing, which occurred on July 27. Security guard Richard Jewell discovered the pipe bomb and immediately notified law enforcement, helping to evacuate as many people as possible from the area before it exploded. Although Jewell's quick actions are credited for saving many lives, the bombing killed spectator Alice Hawthorne, wounded 111 others, and caused the death of Melih Uzunyol by a heart attack. Jewell was later considered a suspect in the bombing but was never charged, and he was cleared in October 1996.

      Fugitive Eric Rudolph was arrested in May 2003 and charged with the Olympic Park bombing as well as the bombings of two abortion clinics and a gay nightclub. [31] At his trial two years later, he confessed to all charges and afterwards released a statement, saying: "the purpose of the attack on July 27th was to confound, anger and embarrass the Washington government in the eyes of the world for its abominable sanctioning of abortion on demand." [32] He received four life sentences without parole, [31] to be served at USP Florence ADMAX near Florence, Colorado.

      Preparations for the Olympics lasted more than six years and had an economic impact of at least US$5.14 billion. Over two million visitors came to Atlanta, and approximately 3.5 billion people around the world watched at least some of the events on television. Although marred by the tragedy of the Centennial Olympic Park bombing, the Games were a financial success, due in part to TV rights contracts and sponsorships at record levels. [33]

      Beyond international recognition, the Games resulted in many modern infrastructure improvements. The mid-rise dormitories built for the Olympic Village, which became the first residential housing for Georgia State University (Georgia State Village), are now used by the Georgia Institute of Technology (North Avenue Apartments). As designed, Centennial Olympic Stadium was converted into Turner Field, which became the home of the Atlanta Braves Major League Baseball team from 1997 to 2016. The Braves' former home, Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, was demolished in 1997 and the site became a parking lot for Turner Field the Omni Coliseum was demolished the same year to make way for State Farm Arena. The city's permanent memorial to the 1996 Olympics is Centennial Olympic Park, which was built as a focal point for the Games. The park initiated a revitalization of the surrounding area and now serves as the hub for Atlanta's tourism district. [33]

      In November 2016, a commemorative plaque was unveiled for Centennial Olympic Park to honor the 20th anniversary of the Games. [34] [35]

      Following the Braves' departure from Turner Field to Truist Park, Georgia State University acquired the former Olympic Stadium and surrounding parking lots. It reconfigured the stadium for a second time into Center Parc Stadium for its college football team.

      The 1996 Olympics are the most recent edition of the Summer Olympics to be held in the United States. Los Angeles will host the 2028 Summer Olympics, 32 years after the Games were held in Atlanta. [36]

      The 1996 Summer Olympics relied heavily on commercial sponsorship. The Atlanta-based Coca-Cola Company was the exclusive provider of soft drinks at Olympics venues and built an attraction known as Coca-Cola Olympic City for the Games. [37]

      The Games were affected by several instances of ambush marketing—in which companies attempt to use the Games as a means to promote their brand, in competition with the exclusive, category-based sponsorship rights issued by the Atlanta organizing committee and the IOC (which grants the rights to use Olympics-related terms and emblems in marketing). The Atlanta organizing committee threatened legal actions against advertisers whose marketing implied an official association with the Games. Several non-sponsors set up marketing activities in areas near venues, such as Samsung (competing with Motorola), which ambushed the Games with its "'96 Expo". [38] [39] The city of Atlanta had also licensed street vendors to sell products from competitors to Olympic sponsors. [40] [41]

      The most controversial ambush campaign was undertaken by Nike, Inc., which had begun an advertising campaign with aggressive slogans that mocked the Games' values, such as "Faster, Higher, Stronger, Badder", "If you're not here to win, you're a tourist", and "You don't win silver, you lose gold." The slogans were featured on magazine ads and billboards it purchased in Atlanta. [38] Nike also opened a pop-up store known as the Nike Center near the Athletes' Village, which distributed Nike-branded flags to visitors (presumably to be used at events). [42] IOC marketing director Michael Payne expressed concern for the campaign, believing that athletes could perceive them as being an insult to their accomplishments. [42] Payne and the United States Olympic Committee's marketing director, John Krimsky, met with Howard Slusher, a subordinate of Nike co-founder Phil Knight. The meeting quickly turned aggressive, with Payne warning that the IOC could pull accreditation for Nike employees and ban the display of its logos on equipment he also threatened to organize a press conference where silver medallists from the Games, as well as prominent Nike-sponsored athlete Michael Johnson (who attracted attention during the Games for wearing custom, gold-colored Nike shoes), would denounce the company. Faced with these threats, Nike agreed to retract most of its negative advertising and PR stunts. [42]

      The popular U.S. game shows Kolo sreče in Jeopardy! were also official sponsors, and both aired Olympic-themed episodes during 1996. [43]

      A report prepared after the Games by European Olympic officials was critical of Atlanta's performance in several key areas, including the level of crowding in the Olympic Village, the quality of available food, the accessibility and convenience of transportation, and the Games' general atmosphere of commercialism. [44] IOC vice-president Dick Pound responded to criticism of the commercialization of these Games, stating that they still adhered to a historic policy barring the display of advertising within venues, and that "you have to look to the private sector for at least a portion of the funding, and unless you're looking for handouts, you're dealing with people who are investing business assets, and they have to get a return." [40]

      The financial struggles faced by many later Games, such as the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, have led to more positive re-appraisals of the management of the 1996 Games. Former JPMorgan Chase president (and torchbearer) Kabir Sehgal noted that in contrast to many later Games, the 1996 Olympics were financially viable, had a positive economic impact on the city, and most of the facilities constructed for the Games still see use in the present day. Sehgal contrasted the Games' bid—a "grassroots" effort backed almost entirely by private funding, with the only significant public spending coming from infrastructure associated with the Games—to modern "top-down" bids, instigated by local governments and reliant on taxpayer funding, making them unpopular among citizens who may not necessarily be interested. [13]

      At the closing ceremony, IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch said in his closing speech, "Well done, Atlanta" and simply called the Games "most exceptional." This broke precedent for Samaranch, who had traditionally labeled each Games "the best Olympics ever" at each closing ceremony, a practice he resumed at the subsequent Games in Sydney in 2000. [45]

      In 1997, Athens, Greece was awarded the 2004 Summer Olympics. Along with addressing the shortcomings of its 1996 bid, it was lauded for its efforts to promote the traditional values of the Olympic Games, which some IOC observers felt had been lost due to the over-commercialization of the 1996 Games. However, the 2004 Games heavily relied on public funding and eventually failed to make a profit, which contributed to the financial crisis in Greece. [46] [47] [48]


      Reflecting on The Day That Changed Atlanta's History

      It&rsquos been 30 years since the pivotal decision to make Atlanta the home of the 1996 Olympics. Atlanta History Center reflects.

      There are several touch points in Atlanta&rsquos history that have helped define the city the most recent is arguably its winning bid for the 1996 Olympics. With that colossal, unexpected win in hand, Atlanta&rsquos future was shaped, not only in terms of facilities built but in being recognized on an international stage as a capital of commerce. Since then, Fortune 500 companies have moved here and the population has grown exponentially. Reflect in style at Atlanta History Center&rsquos Atlanta &rsquo96: Shaping an Olympic and Paralympic City. Over 150 iconic and unique archival items will be on display alongside touchless interactive experiences, as well as over 200 photographs and archival reproductions sourced from the Georgia Amateur Athletic Foundation Collection as well as individual donors and local organizations. There&rsquos particular care given in explaining how our city&rsquos urban landscape and metro area development have been impacted by the 1996 Games. Whether you&rsquore a native or new to Atlanta, it&rsquos a wonderful refresher on how one single event shaped our city&rsquos history.


      Atlanta 1996 Olympic Games

      Naši uredniki bodo pregledali, kar ste oddali, in ugotovili, ali želite članek popraviti.

      Atlanta 1996 Olympic Games, athletic festival held in Atlanta that took place July 19–August 4, 1996. The Atlanta Games were the 23rd occurrence of the modern Olympic Games.

      Selected over Athens to host the Centennial Summer Games, Atlanta staged one of the most extravagant Games in Olympic history. With a five-hour opening ceremony and the creation of a “country fair” atmosphere complete with booths, amusement park rides, and concerts, the 1996 Olympics cost nearly $1.7 billion. For the first time, the Games received no governmental financial support. Instead, corporate sponsors—including Coca-Cola, which supplied over $300 million—and television rights were relied upon to defray costs. The result, many claimed, was excessive commercialization, and few believed that a privately funded Games would be held in the future. The Games also experienced transportation and accommodation problems, and, though extra security precautions were taken, a pipe-bomb explosion in Centennial Olympic Park caused one death. The perpetrator, American Eric Rudolph, also later bombed a gay night club in 1997 and an abortion clinic in 1998. He was sentenced to multiple terms of life imprisonment in 2005.

      For the first time, all national Olympic committees (NOCs) invited to compete sent athletes, including each of the former Soviet republics, Burundi, North Korea, the Palestinian Authority, and Hong Kong, which won its first (and last) gold medal before its reunification with China (1997). A record 197 NOCs sent more than 10,000 contestants. The number of events reached 271 as women’s football (soccer), beach volleyball, lightweight rowing, women’s softball, and mountain biking (cross-country cycling) made their debuts.

      Standouts at the Atlanta Games included Carl Lewis (U.S.), who won his ninth gold medal in track and field, and Fu Mingxia (China), who won the women’s platform and springboard diving events. The 200-metre and 400-metre sprints were swept in the men’s and women’s competitions by Michael Johnson (U.S.) and Marie-José Pérec (France), respectively Svetlana Masterkova (Russia) won the 800- and 1,500-metre titles.

      Women’s swimming was dominated by Michelle Smith (Ireland). Her three gold medals, however, came amid rumours of drug use. In the men’s events three swimmers each captured two individual gold medals: Aleksandr Popov (Russia), Danyon Loader (New Zealand), and Denis Pankratov (Russia). In women’s gymnastics the team event was won by the surprising U.S. squad, while the individual contests were dominated by Lilia Podkopayeva (Ukraine), who won two gold medals and one silver, including the title in the all-around. Aleksey Nemov (Russia) was the standout in the men’s gymnastics competition. His six medals, including two gold, were the most won at the 1996 Games.

      Ta članek je nazadnje popravil in posodobil Adam Augustyn, glavni urednik referenčne vsebine.


      Poglej si posnetek: Saltos Hípica. Vicki Roycroft - Coalminer Atlanta, 1996